Sandwich

Additional

Language
Kotlin
Version
1.2.4 (Apr 13, 2022)
Created
May 5, 2020
Updated
Apr 23, 2022
Owner
Jaewoong Eum (skydoves)
Contributor
Jaewoong Eum (skydoves)
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Announcement



Why Sandwich?

Sandwich was invented to construct standardized interfaces from the Retrofit network response. Sandwich allows you to handle the body data, errors, and exceptional cases obviously with useful operators in multi-layer architecture. You don't need to design and build wrapper classes such as Resource or Result, and it helps you to focus on your business codes. Sandwich supports global responses handling, Mapper, Operator, and great compatibilities like toLiveData or toFlow. Also, you can utilize Sandwich with coroutines and flow.

Download

🥪 Sandwich has been downloaded in more than 140k Android projects all over the globe!

Gradle

Add the code below to your root build.gradle file:

allprojects {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }
}

Next, add the dependency below to your module's build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:sandwich:1.2.4"
}

Note: Sandwich uses Retrofit and OkHttp internally, so please make sure your project uses the same versions.

SNAPSHOT


See how to import the snapshot

Including the SNAPSHOT

Snapshots of the current development version of Sandwich are available, which track the latest versions.

To import snapshot versions on your project, add the code snippet below on your gradle file:

repositories {
   maven { url 'https://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots/' }
}

Next, add the dependency below to your module's build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:sandwich:1.2.5-SNAPSHOT"
}

Use Cases

You can also check out nice use cases of this library in the repositories below:

  • Pokedex - 🗡️ Android Pokedex using Hilt, Motion, Coroutines, Flow, Jetpack (Room, ViewModel, LiveData) based on MVVM architecture.
  • DisneyMotions - 🦁 A Disney app using transformation motions based on MVVM (ViewModel, Coroutines, LiveData, Room, Repository, Koin) architecture.
  • MarvelHeroes - ❤️ A sample Marvel heroes application based on MVVM (ViewModel, Coroutines, LiveData, Room, Repository, Koin) architecture.
  • Neko - Free, open source, unofficial MangaDex reader for Android.
  • TheMovies2 - 🎬 A demo project using The Movie DB based on Kotlin MVVM architecture and material design & animations.

Table of contents

Usage

ApiResponse

ApiResponse is an interface to construct standardized responses from Retrofit calls. It provides useful extensions for handling netowrk payload such as body data and exceptional cases. You can get ApiResponse with the request scope extension from the Call. The example below shows how to get an ApiResponse from an instance of the Call.

interface DisneyService {
  @GET("/")
  fun fetchDisneyPosterList(): Call<List<Poster>>
}

val disneyService = retrofit.create(DisneyService::class.java)
// fetches a model list from the network and getting [ApiResponse] asynchronously.
disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().request { response ->
      when (response) {
        // handles the success case when the API request gets a successful response.
        is ApiResponse.Success -> {
          posterDao.insertPosterList(response.data)
          livedata.post(response.data)
        }
        // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
        // e.g., internal server error.
        is ApiResponse.Failure.Error -> {
          // stub error case
          Timber.d(message())

          // handles error cases depending on the status code.
          when (statusCode) {
            StatusCode.InternalServerError -> toastLiveData.postValue("InternalServerError")
            StatusCode.BadGateway -> toastLiveData.postValue("BadGateway")
            else -> toastLiveData.postValue("$statusCode(${statusCode.code}): ${message()}")
          }
        }
        // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
        // e.g., network connection error, timeout.
        is ApiResponse.Failure.Exception -> {
          // stub exception case
        }
      }
    }

ApiResponse has three types; Success, Failure.Error, and Failure.Exception.

ApiResponse.Success

This represents the network request has been successful. You can get the body data of the response, and additional information such as StatusCode, Headers, and more from the ApiResponse.Success.

val data: List<Poster>? = response.data
val statusCode: StatusCode = response.statusCode
val headers: Headers = response.headers

ApiResponse.Failure.Error

This represents the network request has been failed with bad requests or internal server errors. You can get an error message and additional information such as StatusCode, Headers, and more from the ApiResponse.Failure.Error.

val message: String = response.message()
val errorBody: ResponseBody? = response.errorBody
val statusCode: StatusCode = response.statusCode
val headers: Headers = response.headers

ApiResponse.Failure.Exception

This represents the network request has been failed when unexpected exceptions occur while creating requests or processing a response from the client-side such as network connection failed. You can get an exception message from the ApiResponse.Failure.Exception.

ApiResponse Extensions

You can handle the ApiResponse with the extensions below:

  • onSuccess: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Success. You can access body data directly in this scope.
  • onError: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Error. You can access message() and errorBody in this scope.
  • onException: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Exception. You can access message() in this scope.
  • onFailure: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Error or ApiResponse.Failure.Exception. You can access message() in this scope.

Each scope runs depending on its dedicated ApiResponse type:

disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().request { response ->
    response.onSuccess {
     // this scope will be executed if the request successful.
     // handle the success case
    }.onError {
      // this scope will be executed when the request failed with errors.
      // handle the error case
    }.onException {
     // this scope will be executed when the request failed with exceptions.
     // handle the exception case
    }
  }

ApiResponse for Coroutines

You can use the suspend keyword in your Retrofit services with ApiResponse<*> as a response type. First, build your Retrofit with the ApiResponseCallAdapterFactory call adapter factory:

.addCallAdapterFactory(ApiResponseCallAdapterFactory.create())

Next, you should define the service interface with the suspend keyword and ApiResponse<*> as a response type. So eventually you will get the ApiResponse from the Retrofit service call like the examples below:

interface DisneyCoroutinesService {

  @GET("DisneyPosters.json")
  suspend fun fetchDisneyPosterList(): ApiResponse<List<Poster>>
}

Finally, you can execute the defined service like the examples below:

class MainCoroutinesViewModel constructor(disneyService: DisneyCoroutinesService) : ViewModel() {

  val posterListLiveData: MutableLiveData<List<Poster>>

  init {
     val response = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
     response.onSuccess {
       // handles the success case when the API request gets a successful response.
       posterListLiveData.post(data)
      }.onError {
       // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
      }.onException {
       // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
      }
   }
}

ApiResponse Extensions for Coroutines

You can handle the ApiResponse with the coroutines extensions, which you can run your suspend functions on the scopes.

  • suspendOnSuccess: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Success. You can access body data directly in this scope.
  • suspendOnError: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Error. You can access message() and errorBody in this scope.
  • suspendOnException: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Exception. You can access message() in this scope.
  • suspendOnFailure: Executes if the ApiResponse is ApiResponse.Failure.Error or ApiResponse.Failure.Exception. You can access message() in this scope.

Each scope runs depending on the its dedicated ApiResponse type:

flow {
  val response = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
  response.suspendOnSuccess {
    posterDao.insertPosterList(data) // insertPosterList(data) is a suspend function.
    emit(data)
  }.suspendOnError {
    // handles error cases
  }.suspendOnException {
    // handles exceptional cases
  }
}.flowOn(Dispatchers.IO)

Retrieve success data

If you want to retrieve the encapsulated body data from the ApiResponse directly, you can use the functionalities below.

getOrNull

Returns the encapsulated data if this instance represents ApiResponse.Success or returns null if this is failed.

val data: List<Poster>? = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().getOrNull()

getOrElse

Returns the encapsulated data if this instance represents ApiResponse.Success or returns a default value if this is failed.

val data: List<Poster>? = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().getOrElse(emptyList())

getOrThrow

Returns the encapsulated data if this instance represents ApiResponse.Success or throws the encapsulated Throwable exception if this is failed.

try {
  val data: List<Poster>? = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().getOrThrow()
} catch (e: Exception) {
  e.printStackTrace()
}

Mapper

Mapper is useful when you want to transform the ApiResponse.Success or ApiResponse.Failure.Error to your custom model in ApiResponse extension scopes.

ApiSuccessModelMapper

You can map the ApiResponse.Success model to your custom model with the SuccessPosterMapper<T, R> and map extension like the examples below:

object SuccessPosterMapper : ApiSuccessModelMapper<List<Poster>, Poster?> {

  override fun map(apiErrorResponse: ApiResponse.Success<List<Poster>>): Poster? {
    return apiErrorResponse.data.first()
  }
}

// Maps the success response data.
val poster: Poster? = map(SuccessPosterMapper)

You can use the map extension with a lambda like the examples below:

// Maps the success response data using a lambda.
map(SuccessPosterMapper) { poster ->
  emit(poster) // you can use the `this` keyword instead of the poster.
}

If you want to receive transformed body data in the scope, you can use the mapper as a parameter with the onSuccess or suspendOnSuccess extensions like the examples below:

.suspendOnSuccess(SuccessPosterMapper) {
    val poster = this
}

ApiErrorModelMapper

You can map the ApiResponse.Failure.Error model to your custom error model using the ApiErrorModelMapper<T> and map extension as the examples bleow:

// Create your custom error model.
data class ErrorEnvelope(
  val code: Int,
  val message: String
)

// An error response mapper.
// Create an instance of your custom model using the `ApiResponse.Failure.Error` in the `map`.
object ErrorEnvelopeMapper : ApiErrorModelMapper<ErrorEnvelope> {

  override fun map(apiErrorResponse: ApiResponse.Failure.Error<*>): ErrorEnvelope {
    return ErrorEnvelope(apiErrorResponse.statusCode.code, apiErrorResponse.message())
  }
}

// Maps an error response.
response.onError {
  // Maps an ApiResponse.Failure.Error to a custom error model using the mapper.
  map(ErrorEnvelopeMapper) {
     val code = this.code
     val message = this.message
  }
}

If you want to receive transformed data from in the scope, you can use the mapper as a parameter with the onError or suspendOnError extensions as the examples below:

.suspendOnError(ErrorEnvelopeMapper) {
    val message = this.message
}

Operator

You can delegate the onSuccess, onError, and onException with the operator extension and ApiResponseOperator. Operator is very useful if you want to handle ApiResponse-s globally and reduce the boilerplates for your ViewModel and Repository classes. Here are some examples below:

ViewModel

We can delegate and operate the CommonResponseOperator using the operate extension.

disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().operator(
      CommonResponseOperator(
        success = {
          emit(data)
          Timber.d("success data: $data")
        },
        application = getApplication()
      )
    )

CommonResponseOperator

The CommonResponseOperator extends ApiResponseOperator with the onSuccess, onError, and onException override methods. They will be executed depending on the ApiResponse.

/** A common response operator for handling [ApiResponse]s regardless of its type. */
class CommonResponseOperator<T> constructor(
  private val success: suspend (ApiResponse.Success<T>) -> Unit,
  private val application: Application
) : ApiResponseOperator<T>() {

  // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
  override fun onSuccess(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Success<T>) = success(apiResponse)

  // handles error cases depending on the status code.
  // e.g., internal server error.
  override fun onError(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Failure.Error<T>) {
    apiResponse.run {
      Timber.d(message())
      
      // map the ApiResponse.Failure.Error to a customized error model using the mapper.
      map(ErrorEnvelopeMapper) {
        Timber.d("[Code: $code]: $message")
      }
    }
  }

  // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
  // e.g., network connection error, timeout.
  override fun onException(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Failure.Exception<T>) {
    apiResponse.run {
      Timber.d(message())
      toast(message())
    }
  }
}

Operator for coroutines

If you want to operate and delegate a suspension lambda to the operator, you can use the suspendOperator extension and ApiResponseSuspendOperator class as the examples below:

ViewModel

You can use suspension functions like emit in the success scope.

flow {
  disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().suspendOperator(
      CommonResponseOperator(
        success = {
          emit(data)
          Timber.d("success data: $data")
        },
        application = getApplication()
      )
    )
}.flowOn(Dispatchers.IO)

CommonResponseOperator

The CommonResponseOperator extends ApiResponseSuspendOperator with suspend override methods as the examples below:

class CommonResponseOperator<T> constructor(
  private val success: suspend (ApiResponse.Success<T>) -> Unit,
  private val application: Application
) : ApiResponseSuspendOperator<T>() {

  // handles the success case when the API request gets a successful response.
  override suspend fun onSuccess(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Success<T>) = success(apiResponse)

  // ... //

Global operator

You can operate an operator globally whole ApiResponse-s in your application with the SandwichInitializer. So you don't need to create every instance of the Operators or use dependency injection for handling common operations. Here are some examples of handling a global operator for the ApiResponse.Failure.Error and ApiResponse.Failure.Exception.

Application class

First, you should initialize the global operator to the SandwichInitializer.sandwichOperator. It's highly recommended to initialize this in the Application class.

class SandwichDemoApp : Application() {

  override fun onCreate() {
    super.onCreate()
    
    // We will handle only the error and exceptional cases,
    // so we don't need to mind the generic type of the operator.
    SandwichInitializer.sandwichOperator = GlobalResponseOperator<Any>(this)

    // ... //

GlobalResponseOperator

Next, create your own GlobalResponseOperator, which extends operators such as ApiResponseSuspendOperator and ApiResponseOperator as the examples below:

class GlobalResponseOperator<T> constructor(
  private val application: Application
) : ApiResponseSuspendOperator<T>() {

  // The body is empty, because we will handle the success case manually.
  override suspend fun onSuccess(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Success<T>) { }

  // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
  // e.g., internal server error.
  override suspend fun onError(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Failure.Error<T>) {
    withContext(Dispatchers.Main) {
      apiResponse.run {
        Timber.d(message())

        // handling error based on status code.
        when (statusCode) {
          StatusCode.InternalServerError -> toast("InternalServerError")
          StatusCode.BadGateway -> toast("BadGateway")
          else -> toast("$statusCode(${statusCode.code}): ${message()}")
        }

        // map the ApiResponse.Failure.Error to a customized error model using the mapper.
        map(ErrorEnvelopeMapper) {
          Timber.d("[Code: $code]: $message")
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
  // e.g., network connection error, timeout.
  override suspend fun onException(apiResponse: ApiResponse.Failure.Exception<T>) {
    withContext(Dispatchers.Main) {
      apiResponse.run {
        Timber.d(message())
        toast(message())
      }
    }
  }

  private fun toast(message: String) {
    Toast.makeText(application, message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
  }
}

ViewModel

Finally, you don't need to use the operator expression anymore. The global operator will be operated, so you should handle only the ApiResponse.Success.

Note: This example didn't implement for the onSuccess case.

flow {
  disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().
    suspendOnSuccess {
      emit(data)
    }
}.flowOn(Dispatchers.IO).asLiveData()

Merge

You can merge multiple ApiResponses as a single ApiResponse depending on policies. The example below shows how to merge three ApiResponse as a single one if each three ApiResponses are successful.

disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList(page = 0).merge(
   disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList(page = 1),
   disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList(page = 2),
   mergePolicy = ApiResponseMergePolicy.PREFERRED_FAILURE
).onSuccess { 
  // handles the success case when the API request gets a successful response.
}.onError { 
  // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
}

ApiResponseMergePolicy

ApiResponseMergePolicy is a policy for merging response data depend on the success or not.

  • IGNORE_FAILURE: Regardless of the merging sequences, ignores failure responses in the responses.
  • PREFERRED_FAILURE (default): Regardless of the merging sequences, prefers failure responses in the responses.

toLiveData

You can get a LiveData that contains body data if the response is an ApiResponse.Success. This is very useful if your goal is only getting a LiveData from the ApiResponse which holds successful data as the examples below:

posterListLiveData = liveData(viewModelScope.coroutineContext + Dispatchers.IO) {
  emitSource(
    disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
     .onError {
      // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
     }.onException {
      // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
     }.toLiveData()) // returns an observable LiveData
}

If you want to transform the original data and take a LiveData that contains transformed data, you can follow as the examples below:

posterListLiveData = liveData(viewModelScope.coroutineContext + Dispatchers.IO) {
  emitSource(
   disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
    .onError {
      // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
    }.onException {
      // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
    }.toLiveData {
      this.onEach { poster -> poster.date = SystemClock.currentThreadTimeMillis() }
    }) // returns an observable LiveData
    }

toFlow

You can get a Flow that emits body data if the response is an ApiResponse.Success and the data is not null.

disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
  .onError {
    // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
  }.onException {
    // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
  }.toFlow() // returns a coroutines flow
  .flowOn(Dispatchers.IO)

If you want to transform the original data and take a flow that contains transformed data, you can follow as the examples below:

val response = pokedexClient.fetchPokemonList(page = page)
response.toFlow { pokemons ->
  pokemons.forEach { pokemon -> pokemon.page = page }
  pokemonDao.insertPokemonList(pokemons)
  pokemonDao.getAllPokemonList(page)
}.flowOn(Dispatchers.IO)

ResponseDataSource

ResponseDataSource is an implementation of the DataSource interface.

  • Asynchronously send requests.
  • A temporarily response data holder from the REST API call for caching data on memory.
  • Observable for every response.
  • Retry fetching data when the request gets failure.
  • Concat another DataSource and request sequentially.
  • Disposable of executing works.

Combine

Combine a Call and lambda scope for constructing the DataSource.

val disneyService = retrofit.create(DisneyService::class.java)

val dataSource = ResponseDataSource<List<Poster>>()
dataSource.combine(disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()) { response ->
    // stubs
}

Request

Request API network call asynchronously.
If the request is successful, this data source will hold the success response model.
In the next request after the success, request() returns the cached API response.
If we need to fetch a new response data or refresh, we can use invalidate().

dataSource.request()

Retry

Retry fetching data (re-request) if your request got failure.

// retry fetching data 3 times with 5000 milli-seconds time interval when the request gets failure.
dataSource.retry(3, 5000L)

ObserveResponse

Observes every response data ApiResponse from the API call request.

dataSource.observeResponse {
   Timber.d("observeResponse: $it")
}

RetainPolicy

We can limit the policy for retaining data on the temporarily internal storage.
The default policy is no retaining any fetched data from the network, but we can set the policy using dataRetainPolicy method.

// Retain fetched data on the memory storage temporarily.
// If request again, returns the retained data instead of re-fetching from the network.
dataSource.dataRetainPolicy(DataRetainPolicy.RETAIN)

Invalidate

Invalidate a cached (holding) data and re-fetching the API request.

dataSource.invalidate()

Concat

Concat an another DataSource and request API call sequentially if the API call getting successful.

val dataSource2 = ResponseDataSource<List<PosterDetails>>()
dataSource2.retry(3, 5000L).combine(disneyService.fetchDetails()) {
    // stubs handling dataSource2 response
}

dataSource1
   .request() // request() must be called before concat. 
   .concat(dataSource2) // request dataSource2's API call after the success of the dataSource1.
   .concat(dataSource3) // request dataSource3's API call after the success of the dataSource2.

asLiveData

we can observe fetched data via DataSource as a LiveData.

val posterListLiveData: LiveData<List<Poster>>

init {
    posterListLiveData = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().toResponseDataSource()
      .retry(3, 5000L)
      .dataRetainPolicy(DataRetainPolicy.RETAIN)
      .request {
        // ... //
      }.asLiveData()
}

Disposable

We can make it joins onto CompositeDisposable as a disposable using the joinDisposable function. It must be called before request() method. The below example is using in ViewModel. We can clear the CompositeDisposable in the onCleared() override method.

private val disposable = CompositeDisposable()

init {
    disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().toResponseDataSource()
      // retry fetching data 3 times with 5000L interval when the request gets failure.
      .retry(3, 5000L)
      // joins onto CompositeDisposable as a disposable and dispose onCleared().
      .joinDisposable(disposable)
      .request {
        // ... //
      }
}

override fun onCleared() {
    super.onCleared()
    if (!disposable.disposed) {
      disposable.clear()
    }
  }

Here is the example of the ResponseDataSource in the MainViewModel.

class MainViewModel constructor(
  private val disneyService: DisneyService
) : ViewModel() {

  // request API call Asynchronously and holding successful response data.
  private val dataSource = ResponseDataSource<List<Poster>>()

  val posterListLiveData = MutableLiveData<List<Poster>>()
  val toastLiveData = MutableLiveData<String>()
  private val disposable = CompositeDisposable()

  /** fetch poster list data from the network. */
  fun fetchDisneyPosters() {
    dataSource
      // retry fetching data 3 times with 5000 time interval when the request gets failure.
      .retry(3, 5000L)
      // joins onto CompositeDisposable as a disposable and dispose onCleared().
      .joinDisposable(disposable)
      // combine network service to the data source.
      .combine(disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()) { response ->
        // handles the success case when the API request gets a successful response.
        response.onSuccess {
          Timber.d("$data")
          posterListLiveData.postValue(data)
        }
          // handles error cases when the API request gets an error response.
          // e.g. internal server error.
          .onError {
            Timber.d(message())

            // handling error based on status code.
            when (statusCode) {
              StatusCode.InternalServerError -> toastLiveData.postValue("InternalServerError")
              StatusCode.BadGateway -> toastLiveData.postValue("BadGateway")
              else -> toastLiveData.postValue("$statusCode(${statusCode.code}): ${message()}")
            }

            // map the ApiResponse.Failure.Error to a customized error model using the mapper.
            map(ErrorEnvelopeMapper) {
              Timber.d(this.toString())
            }
          }
          // handles exceptional cases when the API request gets an exception response.
          // e.g. network connection error, timeout.
          .onException {
            Timber.d(message())
            toastLiveData.postValue(message())
          }
      }
      // observe every API request responses.
      .observeResponse {
        Timber.d("observeResponse: $it")
      }
      // request API network call asynchronously.
      // if the request is successful, the data source will hold the success data.
      // in the next request after success, returns the cached API response.
      // if you want to fetch a new response data, use invalidate().
      .request()
  }

  override fun onCleared() {
    super.onCleared()
    if (!disposable.disposed) {
      disposable.clear()
    }
  }
}

DataSourceCallAdapterFactory

You can get the DataSource directly from the Retrofit service. Add the DataSourceCallAdapterFactory call adapter factory to your Retrofit builder. And change the return type of your Retrfot services Call to DataSource.

Retrofit.Builder()
    ...
    .addCallAdapterFactory(DataSourceCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .build()

interface DisneyService {
  @GET("DisneyPosters.json")
  fun fetchDisneyPosterList(): DataSource<List<Poster>>
}

Here is an example of the DataSource in the MainViewModel.

class MainViewModel constructor(disneyService: DisneyService) : ViewModel() {

  // request API call Asynchronously and holding successful response data.
  private val dataSource: DataSource<List<Poster>>

    init {
    Timber.d("initialized MainViewModel.")

    dataSource = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList()
      // retry fetching data 3 times with 5000L interval when the request gets failure.
      .retry(3, 5000L)
      .observeResponse(object : ResponseObserver<List<Poster>> {
        override fun observe(response: ApiResponse<List<Poster>>) {
          // handle the case when the API request gets a success response.
          response.onSuccess {
            Timber.d("$data")
            posterListLiveData.postValue(data)
          }
        }
      })
      .request() // must call request()

DataSource with Coroutines

You can use the DataSource in Retrofit services with suspend keyword.

Retrofit.Builder()
    ...
    .addCallAdapterFactory(DataSourceCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .build()

interface DisneyService {
  @GET("DisneyPosters.json")
  suspend fun fetchDisneyPosterList(): DataSource<List<Poster>>
}

This is an exmaple of the DataSource in the MainViewModel:

class MainCoroutinesViewModel constructor(disneyService: DisneyCoroutinesService) : ViewModel() {

  val posterListLiveData: LiveData<List<Poster>>

  init {
    Timber.d("initialized MainViewModel.")

    posterListLiveData = liveData(viewModelScope.coroutineContext + Dispatchers.IO) {
      emitSource(disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().toResponseDataSource()
        // retry fetching data 3 times with 5000L interval when the request gets failure.
        .retry(3, 5000L)
        // a retain policy for retaining data on the internal storage
        .dataRetainPolicy(DataRetainPolicy.RETAIN)
        // request API network call asynchronously.
        .request {
          // handle the case when the API request gets a success response.
          onSuccess {
            Timber.d("$data")
          }.onError { // handle the case when the API request gets a error response.
              Timber.d(message())
            }.onException {  // handle the case when the API request gets a exception response.
              Timber.d(message())
            }
        }.asLiveData())
    }
  }
}

toResponseDataSource

We can change DataSource to ResponseDataSource after getting instance from network call using the below method.

private val dataSource: ResponseDataSource<List<Poster>>

  init {
    dataSource = disneyService.fetchDisneyPosterList().toResponseDataSource()

    //...
  }

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License

Copyright 2020 skydoves (Jaewoong Eum)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.