LiveData Testing

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Language
Java
Version
1.1.1 (Oct 27, 2019)
Created
Jul 19, 2018
Updated
Oct 27, 2019
Owner
Josef Raska (jraska)
Contributors
Josef Raska (jraska)
jhamin0511
2
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LiveData Testing

TestObserver to easily test LiveData and make assertions on them.

Read Medium Article for more info.

Usage

Having LiveData<Integer> of counter from 0 to 4:

Kotlin - see ExampleTest.kt

liveData.test()
  .awaitValue()
  .assertHasValue()
  .assertValue { it > 3 }
  .assertValue(4)
  .assertHistorySize(5)
  .assertNever { it > 4 }


// Assertion on structures with a lot of nesting
viewLiveData.map { it.items[0].header.title }
  .assertValue("Expected title")

Java - see ExampleTest.java

TestObserver.test(liveData)
  .awaitValue()
  .assertHasValue()
  .assertValue(value -> value > 3)
  .assertValue(4)
  .assertHistorySize(5)
  .assertNever(value -> value > 4);

Don't forget to use InstantTaskExecutorRule from androidx.arch.core:core-testing to make your LiveData test run properly.

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Kotlin users:
testImplementation 'com.jraska.livedata:testing-ktx:1.1.1'
Java users:
testImplementation 'com.jraska.livedata:testing:1.1.1'

If you are not using androidx namespace yet, please use version 0.2.1. Explanation here.

Philosophy

This library is created in a belief that to effective and valuable test should be fast to write and model real code usage. As by Architecture components spec Activity should communicate with its ViewModel only through observing LiveData. TestObserver in this case simulates the Activity and by testing LiveData, we could test our whole logic except the View where the responsibility belongs to Activity. Key ideas:

  • Test pretends to be an Activity
  • No Android framework mocking or Robolectric - just standard fast JUnit tests
  • Fluent API inspired by RxJava TestObserver
  • Easy to write fast executing tests - possibly TDD