KotlinTest

General

Category
Free
Tag
TDD & BDD
License
Apache License, Version 2.0
Registered
Sep 27, 2016
Favorites
1
Link
https://github.com/kotlintest/kotlintest
See also
TestNG
DeviceAnimationTestRule
Spock
RoboSpock
Truth

Additional

Language
Kotlin
Version
3.3.2 (Apr 5, 2019)
Created
Nov 29, 2015
Updated
Jul 4, 2019
Owner
kotlintest
Contributors
benjamin-bader
jrgonzalezg
sschuberth
xrigau
Clément Plantier (clemp6r)
michalbrz
raulraja
Antonio López Marín (tonilopezmr)
brescia123
mfriedenhagen
Michael Rozumyanskiy (MichaelRocks)
Mahoney
stormcat24
jereksel
AJ Alt (ajalt)
sksamuel
Paco (pakoito)
adelnizamutdinov
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Promotion

KotlinTest is a flexible and comprehensive testing tool for Kotlin.Full documentation

For latest updates see Changelog

Community

Test with Style

Write simple and beautiful tests with the StringSpec style:

class MyTests : StringSpec({
  "length should return size of string" {
    "hello".length shouldBe 5
  }
  "startsWith should test for a prefix" {
    "world" should startWith("wor")
  }
})

KotlinTest comes with several testing styles so you can choose one that fits your needs.

Multitude of Matchers

Use over 120 provided matchers to test assertions on many different types:

"substring".shouldContain("str")

user.email.shouldBeLowerCase()

myImageFile.shouldHaveExtension(".jpg")

cityMap.shouldContainKey("London")

The withClue and asClue helpers can add extra context to assertions so failures are self explanatory:

withClue("Name should be present") { user.name shouldNotBe null }

data class HttpResponse(val status: Int, body: String)
val response = HttpResponse(200, "the content")
response.asClue {
    it.status shouldBe 200
    it.body shouldBe "the content"
}

Nesting is allowed in both cases and will show all available clues.

Matchers are extension methods and so your IDE will auto complete. See the full list of matchers or write your own.

Let the Computer Generate Your Test Data

Use property based testing to test your code with automatically generated test data:

class PropertyExample: StringSpec() {
  init {
    "String size" {
      assertAll { a: String, b: String ->
        (a + b) should haveLength(a.length + b.length)
      }
    }
}

Check all the Tricky Cases With Data Driven Testing

Handle even an enormous amount of input parameter combinations easily with data driven tests:

class StringSpecExample : StringSpec({
  "maximum of two numbers" {
    forall(
        row(1, 5, 5),
        row(1, 0, 1),
        row(0, 0, 0)
    ) { a, b, max ->
      Math.max(a, b) shouldBe max
    }
  }
})

Test Exceptions

Testing for exceptions is easy with KotlinTest:

val exception = shouldThrow<IllegalAccessException> {
  // code in here that you expect to throw an IllegalAccessException
}
exception.message should startWith("Something went wrong")

Fine Tune Test Execution

You can specify the number of invocations, parallelism, and a timeout for each test or for all tests. And you can group tests by tags or disable them conditionally. All you need is config:

class MySpec : StringSpec() {

  override val defaultTestCaseConfig = TestCaseConfig(invocations = 3)

  init {
    "should use config".config(timeout = 2.seconds, invocations = 10, threads = 2, tags = setOf(Database, Linux)) {
      // ...
    }
  }
}

And More ...

This page gives you just a short overview of KotlinTest. There are many more features:

See full documentation.

Use

Gradle

To use in gradle, configure your build to use the JUnit Platform. For Gradle 4.6 and higher this is as simple as adding useJUnitPlatform() inside the test block and then adding the KotlinTest dependency.

test {
  useJUnitPlatform()
}

dependencies {
  testImplementation 'io.kotlintest:kotlintest-runner-junit5:3.3.2'
}

or with Gradle Kotlin DSL

val test by tasks.getting(Test::class) {
    useJUnitPlatform { }
}

dependencies {
    testImplementation("io.kotlintest:kotlintest-runner-junit5:3.3.2")
}

or with gradle and Android

android {
...
    testOptions {
        unitTests.all {
            useJUnitPlatform()
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
  testImplementation 'io.kotlintest:kotlintest-runner-junit5:3.3.2'
}

Maven

For maven you must configure the surefire plugin for junit tests.

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>2.22.1</version>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.junit.platform</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit-platform-surefire-provider</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.2</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

And then add the KotlinTest JUnit5 runner to your build.

<dependency>
    <groupId>io.kotlintest</groupId>
    <artifactId>kotlintest-runner-junit5</artifactId>
    <version>3.3.2</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>