Secure Storage Android

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Language
Java
Version
N/A
Created
Mar 30, 2017
Updated
Apr 24, 2018
Owner
adorsys GmbH & Co. KG (adorsys)
Contributors
Zeljko Plesac (zplesac)
vkotovv
Drilon Reçica (drilonreqica)
francis-pouatcha
Nino Handler (itsmortoncornelius)
linakis
IsabellaThuerauf
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Secure Device Storage - Android

Storing Credentials Securely on Android Devices


Introduction

Storing credentials securely on a device is in many occasions necessary. You probably don't want to rely only on the separation of processes of the Android OS but make sure the stored values are also encrypted. To make that possible we have combined the Android Keystore and the SharedPreferences. The keystore is used for generating cryptographic keys, the values are then encrypted with these keys and subsequently securely stored in the SharedPreferences.

The secure part about this solution is that those generated keys are never exposed to the kernel when the device is equipped with a “Trusted Execution Environment”. A so called TEE is a secure area inside the main processor of a smartphone which runs code isolated from other processes. That means even if the device gets compromised or hacked those keys can’t be extracted. Already 80–90% of all modern Android phones out there are equipped with a TEE (mostly because it’s often used to play DRM protected material) and it even is a requirement for Google’s Android Nougat certification — so every phone running Android Nougat and later will come with a TEE installed.

SecureStorage uses its own dedicated private SharedPreferences to prevent conflicts with other possible SharedPreference instances and ensure that the content of the SecureStorage can only be accessed from the app which uses this library.

Supported API's

Symmetric key generation and storage in the Android KeyStore is supported from Android 6.0 (API Level 23) onwards. Asymmetric key generation and storage in the Android KeyStore is supported from Android 4.3 (API Level 18) onwards.

To support more devices SecureStorage uses for now the asymmetric key generation, which in the case of storing simple credentials is very secure and the potential lack of speed in contrast to symmetric key generation, is not noticeable. Nevertheless, make sure to move the execution into a background thread as encryption does take a little time.

Usage

Add the library to your apps build.gradle:

implementation "de.adorsys.android:securestoragelibrary:${latestSecureStorageVersion}"

To store a string value in your SecureStorage you have to call:

SecurePreferences.setValue("KEY", "PLAIN_MESSAGE")

This works for every other primitive data type. So for storing a boolean value:

SecurePreferences.setValue("KEY", true/false)

for int

SecurePreferences.setValue("KEY", 100)

for float and long

SecurePreferences.setValue("KEY", 100.12345)

To retrieve a string value:

SecurePreferences.getStringValue("KEY", ""/null)

And respectively for the other types

SecurePreferences.getBooleanValue("KEY", false/true)
SecurePreferences.getIntValue("KEY", 0)
SecurePreferences.getFloatValue("KEY", 0F)
SecurePreferences.getLongValue("KEY", 0L)

See if an entry exists in the SecurePreferences:

SecurePreferences.contains("KEY")

You can also remove an entry from the SecurePreferences:

SecurePreferences.removeValue("KEY")

Clearing the SecurePreferences and deleting the KeyPair:

SecurePreferences.clearAllValues()

Everything about the cryptographic keys such as generating, maintaining and usage is handled internally by the module, so you do not need to worry about it.

If you want to keep track of changes in your SecureStorage you can register an OnSharedPreferencesChangeListener as follows:

SecurePreferences.registerOnSharedPreferenceChangeListener { _, key -> 
    // check if the key is the one you are listening for and react
}

Unregister the listener as soon as you don't need it any more with

SecurePreferences.unregisterOnSharedPreferenceChangeListener(listener)

Error handling

The library throws for everything a SecureStorageException. Within the SecureStorageException you can find a exception type. You can handle the error which occurred with the help of this type as follows:

try {
    SecurePreferences.setValue(KEY, "Secret")
    // or
    val decryptedMessage = SecurePreferences.getStringValue(KEY, "")
} catch (e: SecureStorageException) {
    handleException(e)
}
//
private fun handleException(e: SecureStorageException) {
    Log.e(TAG, e.message)
    when (e.type) {
        KEYSTORE_NOT_SUPPORTED_EXCEPTION -> Toast.makeText(this, "Oh", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        KEYSTORE_EXCEPTION -> Toast.makeText(this, "Fatal - YARK", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        CRYPTO_EXCEPTION -> Toast.makeText(this, "2h&$==0j", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        INTERNAL_LIBRARY_EXCEPTION -> Toast.makeText(this, "Blame it all on us", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        else -> return
    }
}

Contributors:

@drilonreqica

@itsmortoncornelius

Want to know more:

These links cover security aspect of the android keystore:
https://developer.android.com/training/articles/keystore.html#SecurityFeatures
https://source.android.com/security/keystore/
https://codingquestion.blogspot.de/2016/09/how-to-use-android-keystore-api-with.html
http://nelenkov.blogspot.de/2012/05/storing-application-secrets-in-androids.html
http://nelenkov.blogspot.de/2015/06/keystore-redesign-in-android-m.html
http://www.androidauthority.com/use-android-keystore-store-passwords-sensitive-information-623779/

This link covers security aspect of the android storage:
https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/data/data-storage.html
http://stackoverflow.com/a/26077852/3392276

Screenshots:

Default Layout After Encryption Extra Options