KVS Schema

Additional

Language
Java
Version
v1.5.2 (Dec 28, 2015)
Created
Dec 14, 2014
Updated
Nov 26, 2018
Owner
Kentaro Takiguchi (rejasupotaro)
Contributors
Kentaro Takiguchi (rejasupotaro)
Shintaro Katafuchi (hotchemi)
operando
YukiMatsumura
gen0083
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KVS Schema

KVS Schema is a library to manage key-value data for Android. This library generates accessor methods of SharedPreferences from schema class in compile time.

How to use

Create Schema

Let's say you will store user id, You have to create a schema class like below.

@Table(name = "example")
public class ExamplePrefsSchema {
    @Key(name = "user_id") int userId;
}

Class name should be *Schema.

KVS Schema generates ExamplePrefs from ExamplePrefsSchema. You can use generated accessors below.

ExamplePrefs prefs = ExamplePrefs.get(context);
prefs.putUserId(userId);
prefs.putUserId(userId, defaultValue);
prefs.getUserId();
prefs.hasUserId();
prefs.removeUserId();

KVS supports boolean String float int long String set.

Default Values

You can specify default values for the case of that a given key doesn't be contained in a SharedPreferences.

prefs.getUserId(defaultValue);

You can also specify default values through a schema class. KVS Schema can read right values that become a constant in compile time.

@Table(name = "example")
public abstract class ExamplePrefsSchema {
    @Key(name = "user_id") final int userId = -1;
}

Using the mechanism, you don't have to specify default values when you set right values that is a final field initialized to a compile time constant.

Serializer

Sometimes you want to put model classes into SharedPreferences. For that cases, KVS Schema can store data using serializer class.

// Schema class
@Table(name = "example")
public abstract class ExamplePrefsSchema {
    @Key(name = "user", serializer = UserPrefsSerializer.class) String user;
}

// Serializer class
public class UserSerializer implements PrefsSerializer<User, String> {
    @Override public String serialize(User src) { return GSON.toJson(src); }
    @Override public User deserialize(String src) { return GSON.fromJson(src, User.class); }
}

// Usage
prefs.putUser(user);

Builder

You can specify builder class to use custom SharedPreferences.

// Schema class
@Table(name = "example", builder = ExamplePrefsBuilder.class)
public abstract class ExamplePrefsSchema {
    @Key(name = "user_id") int userId;
}

// Builder class
public class ExamplePrefsBuilder implements PrefsBuilder<ExamplePrefs> {
    @Override
    public ExamplePrefs build(Context context) {
        ...
        return new ExamplePrefs(...); // You can pass your SharedPreferences here
    }
}

Using from Kotlin

KVS Schema generates set* method as an alias of put* to utilize property syntax of Kotlin. So you can read/write values like below when you use Kotlin.

prefs.userId = "Kotlin"
prefs.userId // => Kotlin

Installation

Add dependencies to your build.gradle.

annotationProcessor 'com.rejasupotaro:kvs-schema-compiler:5.1.0'
compile 'com.rejasupotaro:kvs-schema:5.1.0'

Migration

Even if you have already used SharedPreferences directly in your existing app, migration is easy. KVS Schema simply maps the structure of SharedPreferences.

For example, if you are using default SharedPreferences like below,

prefs = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
Editor editor = prefs.edit();
editor.putString("user_id", "1");
editor.putString("user_name", "Smith");
editor.apply();

your data is saved on path/to/app/shared_prefs/package_name_preferences.xml. The schema class becomes like below.

@Table(name = "package_name_preferences")
public abstract class ExamplePrefsSchema {
    @Key(name = "user_id") int userId;
    @Key(name = "user_name") String userName;
}