Frescomposable

Additional

Language
Kotlin
Version
1.0.3 (Oct 4, 2020)
Created
Sep 24, 2020
Updated
Oct 4, 2020
Owner
Jaewoong Eum (skydoves)
Contributor
Jaewoong Eum (skydoves)
1
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Usage

We can request and load images simply using a GlideImage composable function.

GlideImage(
  imageModel = imageUrl,
  // Crop, Fit, Inside, FillHeight, FillWidth, None
  contentScale = ContentScale.Crop,
  // shows a placeholder imageAsset when loading.
  placeHolder = imageResource(R.drawable.placeholder),
  // shows an error imageAsset when the request failed.
  error = imageResource(R.drawable.error)
)

RequestOptions and TransitionOptions

We can customize our request options using RequestOptions and TransitionOptions for applying caching strategies, loading transformations.

GlideImage(
  imageModel = poster.poster,
  requestOptions = RequestOptions()
    .override(256, 256)
    .diskCacheStrategy(DiskCacheStrategy.ALL)
    .centerCrop(),
  transitionOptions = BitmapTransitionOptions.withCrossFade(), 
  contentScale = ContentScale.Crop,
  modifier = modifier,
  alignment = Alignment.Center,
  contentScale = ContentScale.Crop,
)

RequestBuilder

Also we can request image by passing a RequestBuilder. RequestBuilder is the backbone of the request in Glide and is responsible for bringing your options together with your requested url or model to start a new load.

GlideImage(
  requestBuilder =
  Glide
    .with(ContextAmbient.current)
    .asBitmap()
    .load(poster.poster)
    .apply(RequestOptions().diskCacheStrategy(DiskCacheStrategy.ALL))
    .thumbnail(0.1f)
    .transition(withCrossFade()),
  modifier = Modifier.constrainAs(image) {
    centerHorizontallyTo(parent)
    top.linkTo(parent.top)
  }.aspectRatio(0.8f)
)

Composable loading, success, failure

We can create our own composable functions following requesting states. Here is an example that shows a progress indicator when loading an image, After complete requesting, the indicator will be gone and a content image will be shown. And if the request failed (e.g. network error, wrong destination), error text will be shown.


 GlideImage(
 imageModel = poster.poster,
 modifier = modifier,
 // shows a progress indicator when loading an image.
 loading = {
   ConstraintLayout(
     modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize()
   ) {
     val indicator = createRef()
     CircularProgressIndicator(
       modifier = Modifier.constrainAs(indicator) {
         top.linkTo(parent.top)
         bottom.linkTo(parent.bottom)
        start.linkTo(parent.start)
        end.linkTo(parent.end)
       }
     )
   }
 },
 // shows an error text message when request failed.
 failure = {
   Text(text = "image request failed.")
 })

Fresco

And add a dependency code to your module's build.gradle file.

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:landscapist-fresco:<version>"
}

Initialize

We should initialize Fresco using ImagePipelineConfig in our Application class. If we need to fetch images from the network, recommend using By using an Here are more references related to the pipeline config.ImagePipelineConfig, we can customize caching, networking, and thread pool strategies.
OkHttpImagePipelineConfigFactory.


class App : Application() {

  override fun onCreate() {
    super.onCreate()

    val pipelineConfig =
      OkHttpImagePipelineConfigFactory
        .newBuilder(this, OkHttpClient.Builder().build())
        .setDiskCacheEnabled(true)
        .setDownsampleEnabled(true)
        .setResizeAndRotateEnabledForNetwork(true)
        .build()

    Fresco.initialize(this, pipelineConfig)
  }
}

Usage

We can request and load images simply using a FrescoImage composable function.

FrescoImage(
  imageUrl = stringImageUrl,
  // Crop, Fit, Inside, FillHeight, FillWidth, None
  contentScale = ContentScale.Crop,
  // shows a placeholder imageAsset when loading.
  placeHolder = imageResource(R.drawable.placeholder),
  // shows an error imageAsset when the request failed.
  error = imageResource(R.drawable.error)
)

We can customize our requests using an ImageRequest that consists only of a URI, we can use the helper method ImageRequest.fromURI.

val imageRequest = ImageRequestBuilder
  .newBuilderWithSource(uri)
  .setImageDecodeOptions(decodeOptions)
  .setLocalThumbnailPreviewsEnabled(true)
  .setLowestPermittedRequestLevel(RequestLevel.FULL_FETCH)
  .setProgressiveRenderingEnabled(false)
  .setResizeOptions(ResizeOptions(width, height))
  .build()

FrescoImage(
  imageUrl = stringImageUrl,
  imageRequest = imageRequest,
  contentScale = ContentScale.Crop)

Composable loading, success, failure

We can create our own composable functions following requesting states. Here is an example that shows a progress indicator when loading an image, After complete requesting, the indicator will be gone and a content image will be shown. And if the request failed (e.g. network error, wrong destination), error text will be shown.


 FrescoImage(
 imageUrl = stringImageUrl,
 modifier = modifier,
 // shows a progress indicator when loading an image.
 loading = {
   ConstraintLayout(
     modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize()
   ) {
     val indicator = createRef()
     CircularProgressIndicator(
       modifier = Modifier.constrainAs(indicator) {
         top.linkTo(parent.top)
         bottom.linkTo(parent.bottom)
        start.linkTo(parent.start)
        end.linkTo(parent.end)
       }
     )
   }
 },
 // shows an error text message when request failed.
 failure = {
   Text(text = "image request failed.")
 })

Also, we can customize the content image using our own composable function like below.

FrescoImage(
    imageUrl = imageUrl,
    // draw a resized image.
    success = { frescoImageState ->
      frescoImageState.imageAsset?.let {
        Image(
          asset = it,
          modifier = Modifier
            .width(128.dp)
            .height(128.dp))
      }
    },
    loading = { 
      // do something 
    })

Disable lint checking

Landscapist uses ExperimentalCoroutinesApi internally. So if you want to remove the IDE lint checking, add And by adding below kotlin options in our build.gradle, we can remove all lint checkings.@ExperimentalCoroutinesApi annotation to your function.


kotlinOptions {
    freeCompilerArgs += [
        "-Xallow-jvm-ir-dependencies",
        "-Xskip-prerelease-check",
        "-Xuse-experimental=kotlinx.coroutines.ExperimentalCoroutinesApi"]
  }

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License

Designed and developed by 2020 skydoves (Jaewoong Eum)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.