Spike

Additional

Language
Kotlin
Version
v0.23.2 (May 6, 2020)
Created
Jul 26, 2017
Updated
Jul 18, 2020
Owner
Dario Pellegrini (dariopellegrini)
Contributors
Dario Pellegrini (dariopellegrini)
Hakan ┼×ahin (haknsahn)
2
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Blurb

Spike

A network abstraction layer over Volley, written in Kotlin and inspired by Moya for Swift

Example

Download repository and try the app.

Installation

Add in your build.gradle file

allprojects {
    repositories {
        ...
        maven { url 'https://jitpack.io' }
    }
}

Then add as dependency to yout app/build.gradle

dependencies {
    ...
    implementation 'com.github.dariopellegrini:Spike:v0.23.2'
}

Versions below 0.10 of this library use apache http libraries, that need the following code at the end of the android section in app/build.gradle. From version 0.10 this is not necessary.

android {
    ...
    packagingOptions {
            exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
            exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
            exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
     }
}

Usage

This library lets you to split API request's details inside kotlin files, in order to have more control on what each API does and needs. Each file is a sealed class and must implement the interface TargetType. Every detail of each call is selected using a when statement. See this example (TVMazeAPI.kt):

// Each of these data class represents a call
data class GetShows(val query: String): TVMazeTarget()
data class GetShowInformation(val showID: String, val embed: String): TVMazeTarget()

// Following actually don't exists
data class AddShow(val name: String, val coverImage: ByteArray, val token: String): TVMazeTarget()
data class UpdateShow(val showID: String, val name: String, val token: String): TVMazeTarget()
data class DeleteShow(val showID: String, val token: String): TVMazeTarget()

// This is the target sealed class, from which every data class inherits.
sealed class TVMazeTarget: TargetType {

// BaseURL of each call
    override val baseURL: String
        get() {
            return "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
        }

// Path of each call
    override val path: String
        get() {
            return when(this) {
                is GetShows             -> "search/shows"
                is GetShowInformation   -> "shows/" + showID
                is AddShow              -> "shows/"
                is UpdateShow           -> "shows/" + showID
                is DeleteShow           -> "shows/" + showID
            }
        }

// Method of each call
    override val method: SpikeMethod
        get() {
            return when(this) {
                is GetShows             -> SpikeMethod.GET
                is GetShowInformation   -> SpikeMethod.GET
                is AddShow              -> SpikeMethod.POST
                is UpdateShow           -> SpikeMethod.PATCH
                is DeleteShow           -> SpikeMethod.DELETE
            }
        }
        
// Headers of each call
    override val headers: Map<String, String>?
        get() {
            return when(this) {
                is GetShows             -> mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
                is GetShowInformation   -> mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
                is AddShow              -> mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json", "user_token" to token)
                is UpdateShow           -> mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json", "user_token" to token)
                is DeleteShow           -> mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json", "user_token" to token)
            }
        }

// Multipart entries to load multipart form data: this is optional
    override val multipartEntities: List<SpikeMultipartEntity>?
        get() {
            return when(this) {
                is GetShows             -> null
                is GetShowInformation   -> null
                is AddShow              -> listOf(SpikeMultipartEntity("image/jpeg", coverImage, "coverImage", "coverImage.jpg"))
                is UpdateShow           -> null
                is DeleteShow           -> null
            }
        }

// Call's parameters with the labels wanted by backend services
    override val parameters: Map<String, Any>?
        get() {
            return when(this) {
                is GetShows             -> mapOf("q" to query)
                is GetShowInformation   -> mapOf("embed" to embed)
                is AddShow              -> mapOf("name" to name)
                is UpdateShow           -> mapOf("name" to name)
                is DeleteShow           -> null
            }
        }
}

// Optional response closures

Provider

After this the only thing to do is init a SpikeProvider and make a request using the desired instance:

val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>(context)
        val request = provider.request(GetShowInformation("1", embed = "cast"), {
            response ->
            println(response.results.toString())
        }, {
            error ->
            println(error.results.toString())
        })

Here response object contains status code, an enum value describing status code, headers in map, result in String and a computed result (see later). Then error contains the same values plus a VolleyError object.

The request is a Volley request and can be canceled as you wish.

There are different constructors for providers:

  1. Context constructor: init a volley queue using the passed context. By this each provider has its queue.
val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>(context)
  1. Queue constructor: init a volley queue using a queue passed to it.
val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>(queue)
  1. Empty constructor: implementing this requires to configure a Spike singleton instance, which contains a queue that is global and shared between each provider.
Spike.instance.configure(context) // called typically in Application file
val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>()

Closure responses

It's possible to deal with network responses in the API file, implementing 2 optional closure variables.

...

override val successClosure: ((String, Map<String, String>?) -> Any?)?
        get() = {
            result, headers ->
            when(this) {
                is GetShows -> {
                    val movieType = object : TypeToken<List<MovieContainer>>() {}.type
                    Gson().fromJson<List<MovieContainer>>(result, movieType)
                }

                is GetShowInformation -> {
                    val movieType = object : TypeToken<Movie>() {}.type
                    Gson().fromJson<Movie>(result, movieType)
                }

                is AddShow -> {
                    val movieType = object : TypeToken<Movie>() {}.type
                    Gson().fromJson<Movie>(result, movieType)
                }

                is UpdateShow -> {
                    val movieType = object : TypeToken<Movie>() {}.type
                    Gson().fromJson<Movie>(result, movieType)
                }

                is DeleteShow -> null
            }
        }

    override val errorClosure: ((String, Map<String, String>?) -> Any?)?
        get() = { errorResult, _ ->
            val errorType = object : TypeToken<TVMazeError>() {}.type
            Gson().fromJson<TVMazeError>(errorResult, errorType)
        }

Here you can compute the result string from network (making for example a Gson mapping). Result of those closures will be in computedResult inside povider request's closures as a parameter of type Any?.

val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>()
        provider.request(GetShowInformation("1", "cast"), {
            response ->
            // Printing success computed result
            println(response.computedResult)
        }, {
            error ->
            // Printing error computed result
            println(error.computedResult)
        })

Because computedResult is an Any? type, provider can perform a type safety call so that computed results for success and error have specific types.

// Movie and TVMazeError are data classes for TVMaze APIs
val provider = SpikeProvider<TVMazeTarget>()
        provider.requestTypesafe<Movie, TVMazeError>(GetShowInformation("1", "cast"), {
            response ->
            // Printing success computed result Movie? type
            println(response.computedResult)
        }, {
            error ->
            // Printing error computed result TVMazeError? type
            println(error.computedResult)
        })

Coroutines support

Starting by version 0.12 it's possible to use suspending functions to perform provider requests.

CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.Main).launch {
            try {
                val response = provider.suspendingRequest<Movie>(GetShows("gomorra"))
                println("${response.results}")
            } catch (e: SpikeProviderException) {
                // Exception in case of error, like server error or connection error

                // Status code
                val statusCode = e.statusCode
                
                // Generics used to have a typesafe computed result call
                val errorResponse = e.errorResponse<TVMazeError>()
                val computedError = errorResponse?.computedResult // TVMazeError
                println("""
                    $statusCode
                    $errorResponse
                    $computedError
                """.trimIndent())
            }
        }

Builder

Version 0.14 supports builders for creating targets and requests.

Target

val target = buildTarget {
            baseURL = "http://localhost"
            path = "endpoint"
            method = SpikeMethod.GET
            headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
            successClosure = {
                result, headers ->
                JSONObject(result)
            }
            errorClosure = {
                errorResult, headers ->
                JSONObject(errorResult)
            }
        }

Request

Here is returned a suspending function to use within a coroutine.

CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.Main).launch {
            try {
                val response = SpikeProvider<TargetType>()
                        .buildRequest<JSONObject> {
                            baseURL = "http://localhost/"
                            path = "tales"
                            method = SpikeMethod.POST
                            headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
                            parameters = mapOf(
                                    "title" to " My tale",
                                    "content" to "This is the tale content",
                                    "author" to "John")
                        }
                Log.i("Success", "${response.computedResult}")
            } catch(e: Exception) {
                Log.e("Error", "$e")
            }
        }

Other requests

In order to make requests shorter starting from version 0.16 other types of requests which use global providers are available, with and without coroutines.

CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.Main).launch {

            // Function with global provider and typesafe computed result
            try {
                val response = request<JSONObject> {
                    baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
                    path = "shows"
                    method = SpikeMethod.GET
                    headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
                    successClosure = { response, header ->
                        JSONObject()
                    }
                }
                Log.i("Spike", "${response.computedResult}")
            } catch(e: SpikeProviderException) {
                Log.e("Spike", "$e")
            }

            // Function with global request
            try {
                val response = requestAny {
                    baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
                    path = "shows"
                    method = SpikeMethod.GET
                    headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
                }
                Log.i("Spike", "${response}")
            } catch(e: SpikeProviderException) {
                Log.e("Spike", "$e")
            }
        }

        // Callbacks

        // Function with global provider and typesafe computed result
        request<JSONObject, JSONObject>({
            baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
            path = "shows"
            method = SpikeMethod.GET
            headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
            successClosure = { response, header ->
                JSONObject()
            }
            errorClosure = { response, header ->
                JSONObject()
            }
        }, onSuccess =  { response ->
            Log.i("Spike", "${response.computedResult}")

        }, onError =  { error ->
            Log.e("Spike", "${error.computedResult}")
        })

        // Function with global provider
        requestAny({
            baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
            path = "shows"
            method = SpikeMethod.GET
            headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
        }, onSuccess =  { response ->
            Log.i("Spike", "${response}")
        }, onError =  { error ->
            Log.e("Spike", "$error")
        })

Mapping

Starting from version 0.22, mapping methods based on Gson has been introduced, for success and error responses.

try {
    val movies = request<List<Movie>> {
        baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
        path = "shows"
        method = SpikeMethod.GET
        headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
    }.mapping()
    Log.i("Spike", "${movies}") // List<Movie>
} catch(e: SpikeProviderException) {
    val error = e.errorResponse<TVMazeError>().mapping() // TVMazeError
    Log.e("Spike", "$e")
} catch (e: Exception) {
    Log.e("Spike", "$e")
}

By default mapping function returns null if a mapping error is thrown. In order to throw mapping error mappingThrowable function is available.

Coroutine

Mapping process can be expensive for large body sizes and can block main thread, freezing UI. To avoid that, suspend mapping function are supported.

try {
    val movies = request<List<Movie>> {
        baseURL = "https://api.tvmaze.com/"
        path = "shows"
        method = SpikeMethod.GET
        headers = mapOf("Content-Type" to "application/json")
    }.suspend.mapping()
    Log.i("Spike", "${movies}") // List<Movie>
} catch(e: SpikeProviderException) {
    val error = e.errorResponse<TVMazeError>().suspend.mapping() // TVMazeError
    Log.e("Spike", "$e")
} catch (e: Exception) {
    Log.e("Spike", "$e")
}

Suspend mapping function are executed on Dispatchers.Default starting from version 0.23.2.

TODO

  • Testing.

Author

Dario Pellegrini, pellegrini.dario.1303@gmail.com

Credits