ReDex: An Android Bytecode Optimizer
ReDex is an Android bytecode (dex) optimizer originally developed at Facebook. It provides a framework for reading, writing, and analyzing .dex files, and a set of optimization passes that use this framework to improve the bytecode. An APK optimized by ReDex should be smaller and faster than its source.
Quick Start Guide
We use package managers to resolve third-party library dependencies.
You will need Xcode with command line tools installed. To get the command line tools, use:
Install dependencies using homebrew:
brew install autoconf automake libtool python3 brew install boost jsoncpp zlib
sudo apt-get install \ g++ \ automake \ autoconf \ autoconf-archive \ libtool \ liblz4-dev \ liblzma-dev \ make \ zlib1g-dev \ binutils-dev \ libjemalloc-dev \ libiberty-dev \ libjsoncpp-dev
Redex requires boost version >= 1.58. The versions in the Ubuntu 14.04 and 14.10 repositories are too old. This script will install boost for you instead:
If you're on ubuntu 16.04 or newer, the version in the repository is fine:
sudo apt-get install libboost-all-dev
Experimental: Windows 10 (64-bit)
cd c:\tools git clone https://github.com/Microsoft/vcpkg.git cd vcpkg .\bootstrap-vcpkg.bat .\vcpkg integrate install
Install necessary libraries with
.\vcpkg install boost --triplet x64-windows-static .\vcpkg install zlib --triplet x64-windows-static .\vcpkg install jsoncpp --triplet x64-windows-static .\vcpkg install mman --triplet x64-windows-static
Download, Build and Install
Get ReDex from GitHub:
git clone https://github.com/facebook/redex.git cd redex
Now, build ReDex using autoconf and make.
# if you're using gcc, please use gcc-4.9 autoreconf -ivf && ./configure && make -j4 sudo make install
Experimental: CMake for Mac, Linux, and Windows
Alternatively, build using CMake. Note that the current
CMakeLists.txt only implements a rule for
redex-all binary. We will support installation and testing soon.
Generate build files. By default, it uses Makefile:
# Assume you are in redex directory mkdir build-cmake cd build-cmake # .. is the root source directory of Redex cmake ..
If you prefer the ninja build system:
cmake .. -G Ninja
You can also provide
BUILD_TYPE for Static Linking of dependencies. This is optional and defaults to Shared.
cmake .. -DBUILD_TYPE=Static
On Windows, first, get
CMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE from the output of
"vcpkg integrate install", and then:
cmake .. -G "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" -DVCPKG_TARGET_TRIPLET=x64-windows-static -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE="C:/tools/vcpkg/scripts/buildsystems/vcpkg.cmake"
cmake --build .
On Windows, you may build from Visual Studio.
Redex.sln has been generated.
You should see a
redex-all executable, and the executable should show about 45 passes.
Optionally, you can run our unit test suite. We use gtest, which is downloaded via a setup script.
./test/setup.sh cd test make check
To use ReDex, first build your app and find the APK for it. Then run:
redex path/to/your.apk -o path/to/output.apk
If you want some statistics about each pass, you can turn on tracing:
output.apk should be smaller and faster than the input. Enjoy!
Right now we have a limited amount of documentation which describes a few example Redex optimization passes as well as deployments of Redex (including Docker).
The blog Optimizing Android bytecode with ReDex provides an overview of the Redex project.
Issues on GitHub are assigned priorities which reflect their urgency and how soon they are likely to be addressed.
- P0: Unbreak now! A serious issue which should have someone working on it right now.
- P1: High Priority. An important issue that someone should be actively working on.
- P2: Mid Priority. An important issue which is in the queue to be processed soon.
- P3: Low Priority. An important issue which may get dealt with at a later date.
- P4: Wishlist: An issue with merit but low priority which is up for grabs but likely to be pruned if not addressed after a reasonable period.
ReDex is MIT-licensed, see the LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree.