StoreBox

Additional

Language
Java
Version
1.4.0 (Apr 17, 2016)
Created
Apr 10, 2015
Updated
Sep 13, 2017 (Retired)
Owner
Martin Bella (martino2k6)
Contributors
bryant1410
Martin Bella (martino2k6)
Ben Rericha (cr5315)
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Blurb

StoreBox

Android library for streamlining SharedPreferences.

Contents

Overview

StoreBox is an annotation-based library for interacting with Android's SharedPreferences, with the aim take out the the how and where parts of retrieving/storing values and instead focus on the more important what part.

Normally when retrieving or storing values we need to know two pieces of information during each call: the key and the type.

String username = preferences.getString("key_username", null);
preferences.edit().putString("key_date_of_birth", "30/09/2004").apply(); // should this be a String or a long?

With StoreBox the operations above can be changed into pre-defined methods with improved semantics.

// definition
public interface MyPreferences {
    
    @KeyByString("key_username")
    String getUsername();
    
    @KeyByString("key_date_of_birth")
    void setDateOfBirth(String value);
}

// usage
MyPreferences preferences = StoreBox.create(context, MyPreferences.class);
String username = preferences.getUsername();
preferences.setDateOfBirth("30/09/2004");

The caller now doesn't need to worry about the key, neither about what type the values are stored under. The only important part that needs to be taken into consideration is what is done with the values, whether that is storing them for later, showing them to the user in the UI, or just changing application behaviour.

Read on to find out more details about how StoreBox can be used and how it can be added to an Android project.

Adding to a project

StoreBox can be used in Android projects using minimum SDK version 10 and newer (Android 2.3+).

JAR

v1.4.0 JARv1.4.0 JavaDoc JAR

Gradle

compile 'net.orange-box.storebox:storebox-lib:1.4.0'

Maven

<dependency>
  <groupId>net.orange-box.storebox</groupId>
  <artifactId>storebox-lib</artifactId>
  <version>1.4.0</version>
</dependency>

Defining an interface and bringing it to life

Simply create a new interface class in your IDE or a text editor, give it an access modifier which suits its use, and name it as appropriate.

public interface MyPreferences {
    
}

Now you're ready to use StoreBox.create() to obtain an instance.

MyPreferences instance = StoreBox.create(context, MyPreferences.class);

Adding get and set methods

If you would like to add a getter just add a method to the interface which returns a value and make sure to annotate it using @KeyByString or @KeyByResource.

@KeyByString("key_nickname")
String getNickname();

@KeyByResource(R.string.key_notifications)
boolean shouldShowNotifications();

Adding a setter is just as easy. The same annotations will need to be used as for getter methods, but now our method will return nothing and will have to provide a parameter for supplying the value that should be saved.

@KeyByString("key_nickname")
void setNickname(String value)

@KeyByResource(R.string.key_notifications)
void setNotifications(boolean value)

Specifying defaults for get methods

This can be achieved in two ways, through an argument or by using an annotation.

For the first option the following will work.

@KeyByString("key_phone_number")
String getPhoneNumber(String defValue);

And using an annotation referencing a default found in the XML resources.

@KeyByString("key_phone_number")
@DefaultValue(R.string.default_phone_number)
String getPhoneNumber();

For some types, such as long, which cannot be added to the resources an integer resource may be used instead.

@KeyByString("key_refresh_interval")
@DefaultValue(R.integer.default_refresh_interval)
long getRefreshInterval();

Storing and retrieving custom types

Saving custom types, which are not understood by Android's SharedPreferences, can be supported through the use of type adapters. A type adapter implementation can be provided by extending from one of the following classes:

Telling StoreBox which type adapter should be used can be done by adding the @TypeAdapter annotation to the get and set methods.

@KeyByString("key_region")
@TypeAdapter(RegionTypeAdapter.class)
Region getRegion();

@KeyByString("key_region")
@TypeAdapter(RegionTypeAdapter.class)
void setRegion(Region value);

Which type adapter needs to be extended depends on the use case. Take a look at the DateTypeAdapter, UriTypeAdapter, and CustomClassListTypeAdapter for some examples. It is worth noting that in the last example Gson is being used for serialising the type, as opposed to writing a custom implementation. Gson is not used internally by StoreBox, as such if you wish to use Gson for a type adapter you will need to add it to your project as a dependency.

The following types will work out of the box, so type adapters don't need to be provided for them:

  • Date
  • Double
  • Enum
  • Uri

Disclaimer: APIs around type adapters may change in the future, as I will keep looking for a less verbose way of achieving the same goal without requiring the use of Gson.

Opening different types of preferences

In all of the examples so far details about what preferences are opened and how have been omitted.

Without any annotation the default shared preferences will be used, but the @DefaultSharedPreferences annotation can be added to the interface definition for explicitness. Likewise, @ActivityPreferences or @FilePreferences can be used to respectively open preferences private to an activity or to open preferences using a file name.

The mode with which the preferences should be opened can also be specified, although this option is not supported by all the types.

@ActivityPreferences(mode = PreferencesMode.MULTI_PROCESS)
public interface WelcomeActivityPreferences {
    
    // method definitions here...
}

Advanced

Remove and clear methods

In order to remove a value stored in the preferences under a key a method to perform the removal can be annotated with the @RemoveMethod annotation. The key can be supplied in two ways;

The key can be provided thorough an argument in the method, using either a String or an int in the case of the key being specified in an XML resource.

public interface RemoveMethodExample {
    
    @RemoveMethod
    void remove(String key);
    
    @RemoveMethod
    void remove(int keyRes);
}

// usage
preferences.remove("key_username");
preferences.remove(R.string.key_password);

Or a value-specific remove method can be defined with the help of the @KeyByString or @KeyByResource annotations.

public interface RemoveMethodExample {
    
    @KeyByString("key_username")
    @RemoveMethod
    void removeUsername();
    
    @KeyByResource(R.string.key_password)
    @RemoveMethod
    void removePassword();
}

// usage
preferences.removeUsername();
preferences.removePassword();

Clearing all values stored in the preferences can be done by annotating a method with the @ClearMethod annotation.

public interface ClearMethodExample {
    
    @ClearMethod
    void clear();
}

// usage
preferences.clear();

Change listeners

Callbacks can be received when a preference value changes through the use of the OnPreferenceValueChangedListener interface. The listeners need to be parametrised with the type which is used for the value whose changes we would like to listen for. For example, if we would like to listen to changes to the password (from previous examples) then we could define the listener as

OnPreferenceValueChangedListener<String> listener = new OnPreferenceValueChangedListener<String>() {
    @Override
    public void onChanged(String newValue) {
        // do something with newValue
    }
}

To register this listener a method for registering the listener would need to be defined using the @RegisterChangeListenerMethod annotation in the interface which gets passed to StoreBox.create(). Likewise, for unregistering a listener the method needs to be annotated with @UnregisterChangeListenerMethod instead. The @KeyByString or @KeyByResource annotation also needs to be used to specify which value we are interested in.

public interface ChangeListenerExample {
    
    @KeyByString("key_password")
    @RegisterChangeListenerMethod
    void registerPasswordListener(OnPreferenceValueChangedListener<String> listener);
    
    @KeyByString("key_password")
    @UnregisterChangeListenerMethod
    void unregisterPasswordListener(OnPreferenceValueChangedListener<String> listener);
}

If you would like to listen for changes to a custom type then the @TypeAdapter annotation will need to be added to the method in order to tell StoreBox how the value should be adapted when retrieving it from the preferences.

More than one listener can be registered and unregistered at a time by changing the method definitions in the interface to use variable arguments.

// annotations omitted
void registerPasswordListeners(OnPreferenceValueChangedListener<String>... listeners);

Caution: StoreBox does not store strong references to the listeners. A strong reference must be kept to the listener for as long as the listener will be required, otherwise it will be susceptible to garbage collection.

Chaining calls

With Android's SharedPreferences.Editor class it is possible to keep chaining put methods as each returns back the SharedPreferences.Editor instance. StoreBox allows the same functionality. All that needs to be done is to change the set/remove method definitions to either return interface type itself or SharedPreferences.Editor.

public interface ChainingExample {
    
    @KeyByString("key_username")
    ChainingExample setUsername(String value);
    
    @KeyByString("key_password")
    ChainingExample setPassword(String value);
    
    @KeyByString("key_country")
    ChainingExample removeCountry();
}

And calls can be chained as

preferences.setUsername("Joe").setPassword("jOe").removeCountry();

Forwarding calls

If you would like to access methods from the SharedPreferences or SharedPreferences.Editor, you can do that by extending your interface from either of the above (or even both).

public interface ForwardingExample extends SharedPreferences, SharedPreferences.Editor {
    
    // method definitions here
}

And the methods from either of the extended interfaces will be callable.

String username = preferences.getString("key_username", "");
preferences.putString("key_username", "Joe").apply();

Save modes

Changes to preferences can normally be saved on Android either through apply() or commit(). Which method gets used can be customised in StoreBox through the use of the @SaveOption annotation.

Unlike any of the previous annotations @SaveOption can be used to annotate both the interface as well as individual set/remove methods, however an annotation at method-level will take precedence over an interface annotation.

@SaveOption(SaveMode.APPLY)
public interface SaveModeExample {
    // key annotations omitted
    
    void setUsername(String value); // will save using apply()
    
    @SaveOption(SaveMode.COMMIT)
    void setPassword(String value); // will save using commit()
    
    @SaveOption(SaveMode.COMMIT)
    void removeUsername(); // will persist using commit()
}

Versioning

StoreBox supports versioning of preferences through the use of the @PreferencesVersion interface-level annotation, in a similar fashion to Android's SQLiteOpenHelper. This functionality may be required in the case when the schema of the preferences needs to be changed, such as when a key or type of a preference changes, an enum constant is added/renamed/removed, or a class which is being stored in the preferences changes internally. The @PreferencesVersion annotation needs to be added to the interface which will be used with StoreBox.create().

By default, without the @PreferencesVersion annotation, the version used is assumed to be 0. The first time a change is required the version for the annotation should be set to 1, with the value being incremented for any subsequent changes. To provide the logic for handling version upgrades a handler class extending from PreferencesVersionHandler needs to be specified.

@PreferencesVersion(version = 1, handler = MyPreferencesVersionHandler.class)
public interface MyPreferences {
    
    // method definitions here
}

public class MyPreferencesVersionHandler extends PreferencesVersionHandler {
    
    @Override
    protected void onUpgrade(
            SharedPreferences prefs,
            SharedPreferences.Editor editor,
            int oldVersion,
            int newVersion) {
        
        // logic for handling upgrades
    }
}

For an initial upgrade from 0 to 1 the onUpgrade method will be called with oldVersion = 0 and newVersion = 1. If the version of the preferences would be updated to 2, then the handler would be called with oldVersion = 1 and newVersion = 2. If however an application update using version 1 was skipped, then onUpgrade would be called with oldVersion = 0 and newVersion = 2, which means that handling the intermediate upgrade between versions 1 and 2 would be required. Calling apply() or commit() on the editor is not required after changes are made, as StoreBox will take care of this when saving the new version value into the preferences. Take a look here for an example of how upgrades could be handled.

The versions are also independent of each other, and apply only to specific preference files. For example, you could have a shared preferences with version X, activity A preferences with version Y, and activity B preferences with version Z. Or none at all, if versioning is not needed.

Obtaining a more customised instance at run-time

As previously described you can build an instance of your interface using StoreBox.create(), however if you'd like to override at run-time any annotations you can use StoreBox.Builder and apply different options.

MyPreferences preferences =
        new StoreBox.Builder(context, MyPreferences.class)
        .preferencesMode(PreferencesMode.MULTI_PROCESS)
        .build()

Defaults

Given the minimum amount of details provided to the interface and method definitions through the use of StoreBox's annotations, the following defaults will get used:

  • Preferences type: Default shared preferences
  • Preferences mode: Private
  • Save mode: Apply
  • Default value mode: Empty

Proguard

If you are using ProGuard add the following lines to your configuration.

-dontwarn net.jodah.typetools.TypeResolver
-keep class net.orange_box.storebox.** { *; }
-keepattributes *Annotation*,Exceptions,InnerClasses,Signature

Contributing

Any contributions thorough pull requests as well as raised issues (bugs are rated just as highly as features!) will be welcome and highly appreciated.

If you would like to submit a pull request please make sure to do so against the develop branch, and please follow a similar code style to the one used in the existing code base. Running the tests before and after any changes is highly recommended, just as is adding new test cases.

Contributors

License

Copyright 2015 Martin Bella

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.