aSQLite+

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Language
Java
Version
asqliteplus-0.2 (May 19, 2015)
Created
Jan 5, 2015
Updated
Aug 2, 2015 (Retired)
Owner
vincestyling (vince-styling)
Contributor
vincestyling (vince-styling)
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aSQLite+ Android

As the name aSQLite+(Android SQLite plus) meant, this library aim to attaching some practical functionality to Android SQLite. It offered numerous handy classes and methods to help us concatenating and performing those CURD SQLs.

You probably already know that Android also provided many methods for us to helping producing SQL statement. Well, let's discuss with an example, saying we are going to producing such SQL statement :

SELECT product_id, product_name FROM Products WHERE price >= 10 ORDER BY price DESC LIMIT 10

With Android libcore on our hands currently, we probably coding like following to achieve it :

String sql = android.database.sqlite.SQLiteQueryBuilder.buildQueryString(false,
        "Products", new String[]{"product_id", "product_name"}, "price >= 10",
        null, null, "price DESC", "10");

See? it's a bit of complication, quite a number of arguments needs us paying attention to. Also difficult to maintain for subsequent development. And, what about aSQLite+ ?

Statement statement = QueryStatement.produce("product_id", "product_name")
        .from("Products").where("price").egt(10).orderBy("price").desc().limit(10);
String sql = statement.toString();

aSQLite+ bring you more accurate method naming and less parameters method signature, make it clear and more readable, also understandable and maintainable. Every method representing one SQL keyword or clause, this way of separation make you not easy to make mistakes during writing SQL statement. You would only apply them in the producing SQL statement whenever necessary. Which greatly simplifying the SQL statement constructing against using Android libcore even using + to tearing those statements to pieces.

Statements

In aSQLite+'s context, Statements acting a statement producer, be responsible for concatenating the desired SQL statement via those known syntax methods successively. They're pretty elegant, internal holding a StringBuilder to carrying the SQL statement, overriden the toString() method to output the final statement. Thus a Statement look as a String, only its toString() matter for caller.

By default, aSQLite+ only focus on simplifying the CURD commands in SQL language, offered an individual Statement object for every commands :

name description
CreateStatement A statement producer that use to producing INSERT command of SQL language.
UpdateStatement A statement producer that use to producing UPDATE command of SQL language.
DeleteStatement A statement producer that use to producing DELETE command of SQL language.
QueryStatement A statement producer that use to producing SELECT command of SQL language.

Statement Boilerplates

It's more straightforward to show you many boilerplates for such library, now I'm going to walk you that, you'll learn further about how aSQLite+ works with many typical cases. Note we omitted the entity classes definition here.

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT product_id, product_name, price, category_id,
    supplier_id FROM Products WHERE product_name LIKE '%Ch%'

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.PRODUCT_ID, Products.PRODUCT_NAME,
    Products.PRICE, Products.CATEGORY_ID, Products.SUPPLIER_ID)
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME).where(Products.PRODUCT_NAME).likeContains("Ch");

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT product_id, product_name, price, category_id,
    supplier_id FROM Products WHERE category_id BETWEEN 1 AND 3

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.PRODUCT_ID, Products.PRODUCT_NAME,
    Products.PRICE, Products.CATEGORY_ID, Products.SUPPLIER_ID)
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME).where(Products.CATEGORY_ID).between(1, 3);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT DISTINCT category_id FROM Products

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.distinct(Products.CATEGORY_ID).from(Products.TABLE_NAME);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT product_name, category_name FROM Products, Categories USING (category_id)

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.PRODUCT_NAME, Categories.CATEGORY_NAME)
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME, Categories.TABLE_NAME).using(Products.CATEGORY_ID);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT * FROM Products WHERE product_name = 'Chais'' or ''1'' = ''1'

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce().from(Products.TABLE_NAME)
    .where(Products.PRODUCT_NAME).eq("Chais' or '1' = '1"); // prevent SQL Injection.

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT product_id, product_name, unit FROM Products
    WHERE EXISTS (SELECT * FROM Products WHERE price <= 20)

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.PRODUCT_ID, Products.PRODUCT_NAME, Products.UNIT)
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME).where(
     new Exists(QueryStatement.produce().from(Products.TABLE_NAME)
     .where(Products.PRICE).elt(20))
    );

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT * FROM Products WHERE unit IN ('500 ml', '12 boxes', '48 pies')

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce().from(Products.TABLE_NAME)
    .where(Products.UNIT).in("500 ml", "12 boxes", "48 pies");

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT category_id, sum(price) AS total_price FROM Products GROUP BY category_id

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.CATEGORY_ID,
    new Alias(Function.sum(Products.PRICE), "total_price"))
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME).groupBy(Products.CATEGORY_ID);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT Products.product_name, Products.category_id, Categories.category_name
    FROM Products, Categories WHERE Products.category_id = Categories.category_id
    AND Products.price > 10 ORDER BY Products.price

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(
    new Scoping(Products.TABLE_NAME, Products.PRODUCT_NAME),
    new Scoping(Products.TABLE_NAME, Products.CATEGORY_ID),
    new Scoping(Categories.TABLE_NAME, Categories.CATEGORY_NAME)
).from(Products.TABLE_NAME, Categories.TABLE_NAME)
    .where(new Scoping(Products.TABLE_NAME, Products.CATEGORY_ID))
    .eq(new Scoping(Categories.TABLE_NAME, Categories.CATEGORY_ID))
    .and(new Scoping(Products.TABLE_NAME, Products.PRICE)).gt(10)
    .orderBy(new Scoping(Products.TABLE_NAME, Products.PRICE));

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT product_name, category_name FROM Products
    NATURAL LEFT JOIN Categories WHERE category_name IS NOT NULL AND price <> 10

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(Products.PRODUCT_NAME, Categories.CATEGORY_NAME)
    .from(Products.TABLE_NAME).leftNaturalJoin(Categories.TABLE_NAME)
    .where(Categories.CATEGORY_NAME).isNotNull()
    .and(Products.PRICE).neq(10);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

SELECT datetime('now', 'localtime')

then you can doing this :

QueryStatement.produce(new UnescapeString("datetime('now', 'localtime')"));

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

INSERT INTO Suppliers(supplier_name, contact_name, address, city, postal_code,
    country, phone) VALUES('Exotic Liquid', 'Charlotte Cooper',
    '49 Gilbert St.', 'Londona', 'EC1 4SD', 'UK', '(171) 555-2222')

then you can doing this :

Supplier supplier = Suppliers.INIT_DATAS.get(0);
CreateStatement.produce(Suppliers.TABLE_NAME)
    .put(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_NAME, supplier.getSupplierName())
    .put(Suppliers.CONTACT_NAME, supplier.getContactName())
    .put(Suppliers.ADDRESS, supplier.getAddress())
    .put(Suppliers.CITY, supplier.getCity())
    .put(Suppliers.POSTAL_CODE, supplier.getPostalCode())
    .put(Suppliers.COUNTRY, supplier.getCountry())
    .put(Suppliers.PHONE, supplier.getPhone());

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

INSERT INTO Suppliers(supplier_name, contact_name, address, city, postal_code,
    country, phone) SELECT supplier_name, contact_name, address, city, postal_code,
    country, phone FROM Suppliers WHERE country = 'China' LIMIT 2 OFFSET 1

then you can doing this :

Statement queryStmt = QueryStatement.produce(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_NAME, Suppliers.CONTACT_NAME,
    Suppliers.ADDRESS, Suppliers.CITY, Suppliers.POSTAL_CODE, Suppliers.COUNTRY,
    Suppliers.PHONE).from(Suppliers.TABLE_NAME).where(Suppliers.COUNTRY).eq("China")
    .limit(2, 1);

CreateStatement.produce(Suppliers.TABLE_NAME).columns(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_NAME,
    Suppliers.CONTACT_NAME, Suppliers.ADDRESS, Suppliers.CITY, Suppliers.POSTAL_CODE,
    Suppliers.COUNTRY, Suppliers.PHONE).entry(queryStmt);

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

DELETE FROM Customers WHERE cust_code = 'C00013'

then you can doing this :

Customer customer = Customers.INIT_DATAS.get(0);

DeleteStatement.produce(Customers.TABLE_NAME)
    .where(Customers.CUST_CODE).eq(customer.getCustCode());

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

UPDATE Suppliers SET supplier_name = 'New Name', contact_name = 'Small Wood',
    address = 'Middle Street of States', city = 'ZhuHai', postal_code = '510665',
    country = 'China', phone = '+86 13800 138000' WHERE supplier_id = 1

then you can doing this :

Supplier supplier = Suppliers.INIT_DATAS.get(0);
supplier.setSupplierName("New Name");
supplier.setContactName("Small Wood");
supplier.setAddress("Middle Street of States");
supplier.setCity("ZhuHai");
supplier.setPostalCode("510665");
supplier.setCountry("China");
supplier.setPhone("+86 13800 138000");

UpdateStatement.produce(Suppliers.TABLE_NAME)
    .set(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_NAME, supplier.getSupplierName())
    .set(Suppliers.CONTACT_NAME, supplier.getContactName())
    .set(Suppliers.ADDRESS, supplier.getAddress())
    .set(Suppliers.CITY, supplier.getCity())
    .set(Suppliers.POSTAL_CODE, supplier.getPostalCode())
    .set(Suppliers.COUNTRY, supplier.getCountry())
    .set(Suppliers.PHONE, supplier.getPhone())
    .where(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_ID).eq(supplier.getSupplierId());

Consider you want to producing following SQL statement.

UPDATE OR REPLACE Suppliers SET supplier_id = 5, supplier_name = 'Tokyo Traders',
    contact_name = 'Yoshi Nagase', address = '9-8 Sekimai Musashino-shi', city = 'Tokyo',
    postal_code = '100', country = 'Japan', phone = '(03) 3555-5011' WHERE supplier_id = 4

then you can doing this :

Supplier supplier = Suppliers.INIT_DATAS.get(3);
Supplier targetSupplier = Suppliers.INIT_DATAS.get(4);

UpdateStatement.orReplace(Suppliers.TABLE_NAME)
    // update supplier_id to another supplier_id which already populated by another row.
    .set(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_ID, targetSupplier.getSupplierId())
    .set(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_NAME, supplier.getSupplierName())
    .set(Suppliers.CONTACT_NAME, supplier.getContactName())
    .set(Suppliers.ADDRESS, supplier.getAddress())
    .set(Suppliers.CITY, supplier.getCity())
    .set(Suppliers.POSTAL_CODE, supplier.getPostalCode())
    .set(Suppliers.COUNTRY, supplier.getCountry())
    .set(Suppliers.PHONE, supplier.getPhone())
    .where(Suppliers.SUPPLIER_ID).eq(supplier.getSupplierId());

Once we done with SQL statement producing, we're able to send it to SQLiteDatabase or DBOverseer(describe in subsequent) to execute and take the result due to this call.

These shown cases were lay in the tests folder which contained all test cases, they're covering all functionality of aSQLite+. Note below description to checking how to execute them.

Note: 'Cause this series of statement producer would never understand about the SQL syntax, therefore this assumes you have a basic knowledge of SQL programming, you need to decide which clause can be join together without syntax errors while performing and which cannot.

DBOverseer

As mentioned earlier, we implemented a class named DBOverseer which exposes numerous handy methods to performing SQL statements. It's the best choice to work with those Statements.

DBOverseer claims a SQLiteOpenHelper to instancing, and should be stand as singleton throughout the Application's entire life cycle. Following list the main methods with signatures.

public class DBOverseer {
    /** Fetches the newly inserted row ID of the specified table. */
    public int getLastInsertRowId(CharSequence table)...;

    /** Performs the query and take the INTEGER value in the first column of the first row. */
    public int getInt(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the query and retrieve all columns as INTEGER value in the first row. */
    public int[] getInts(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the query and take the STRING value in the first column of the first row. */
    public String getString(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the query and retrieve all columns as STRING value in the first row. */
    public String[] getStrings(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the query and checking if has result. */
    public boolean checkIfExists(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the SQL statement and return the ID of the row inserted due to this call. */
    public long executeInsert(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs a single SQL statement that is NOT a SELECT
    or any other SQL statement that returns data. */
    public int executeSql(Object sql)...;

    /** Performs the query and fetching the resultset to an ArrayList. */
    public <T> List<T> getList(Object sql, RowMapper<T> mapper)...;

    /** Performs the query with two pagination arguments, computing and returning
    the desired PaginationList which contained four pagination informations. */
    public <T> PaginationList<T> getPaginationList(Statement sql,
     int pageNo, int pageItemCount, final Class<T> clazz)...;

    /** Looping the given List, put every item of that into the DBOperator
    to producing an individual SQL statement to performing. */
    public <T> boolean executeBatch(List<T> list, DBOperator<T> operator)...;

    /** Performs the query and return the first row as
    an entity which instancing of the specified Class. */
    public <T> T getEntity(Object sql, final Class<T> clazz)...;
}

All methods of DBOverseer accepts the SQL as an Object, only its toString() matter. In other words, developer can constructing any Object such as String, StringBuilder, Statement to carrying the SQL statement, just make sure that the toString() method would return the final SQL statement you want to be executing.

You can checking the test cases of DBOverseer for more details.

wielding Java Reflection in DBOverseer

The getEntity(..., Class), in particular, DBOverseer will instancing the specified Class via its empty constructor and mapping each presented column's value associated with its name to the entity instance. So the names of columns in SQL statement played a big role here. For example: say the current row contained "nick_name, age, login_time" three columns, then the Class instance's setNickName(...), setAge(...), setLoginTime(...) would be invoke accordingly to mapping their values in.

Default naming principle accepted used underline(_) to separated each word in SQLite column naming; For Java, we followed the traditional naming which remove the underline character and Upper Case the first letter of each word. But that isn't fixed, in order to flexibility, the column name's translation pattern can be customize by overwrite the DBOverseer.translateColumnName(String) method in implementation.

Notice: Because this approach was powered by Java Reflection, in order to prevent name mapping problems, it is important to tell ProGuard that which classes and members you wish not be obfuscated when you build your application in release mode.

Test Cases

I value those projects which afford many test cases. I believe the reason of why a project is qualified would be the tests first, the wild implementation later. Certainly, I try to make this project in accordance with that specification. Following procedure would show you how to execute the whole test cases of aSQLite+.

# enter the project's root directory
~ $ cd PROJECT_ROOT_DIR

# Optional, to ensure the local.properties generated.
~ $ android update project -p . -s

# enter the test module.
~ $ cd tests

# execute the integrate test of aSQLite+.
~ $ ant integrateTest

Check the logcat for informations when test errors occurred :

~ $ adb logcat -v time DBOverseer:E *:S

If wish to checking the performed SQLs :

~ $ adb logcat DBOverseer:D *:S

JavaDoc

The JavaDoc of aSQLite+ was generated and hosted on https://vince-styling.github.io/aSQLitePlus-android.

Integration

Download the latest JAR or grab via Maven :

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.vincestyling.asqliteplus</groupId>
  <artifactId>asqliteplus</artifactId>
  <version>0.2</version>
</dependency>

For Gradle projects use :

compile 'com.vincestyling.asqliteplus:asqliteplus:0.2'

If you have some changes for the source code, you can use ant to packaging a SNAPSHOT jar for test.

# enter the project's root directory
~ $ cd PROJECT_ROOT_DIR

# packaging a new jar, it would place to "PROJECT_ROOT_DIR/bin/asqliteplus-0.2.jar".
~ $ ant jar

Also I will gladly accept pull requests for fixes and feature enhancements.

Apps

There is ixiaoshuo-android already using aSQLite+. If you have an App which be the same, let me know.

Acknowledgments

License

Copyright 2015 Vince Styling

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.