Fontain is a lightweight library for displaying text in custom fonts in your Android applications
Fontain allows you to include a number of custom fonts within your app, and then access them by their Font Family, Weight, Width and Slope. It simplifies the process of selecting the proper typeface for any given usage.
In order for Fontain to be able to make use of your custom fonts, they must be placed in the Assets folder, with the following directory structure:
assets `--><font folder> `--><font family name> `--><font>
-->assets `--> fonts |--> Helvetica | |--> Helvetica.otf | |--> Helvetica-UltraBold.otf | `--> Helvetica-Italic.otf `--> Garamond |--> Garamond.otf |--> Garamond-UltraBold.otf `--> Garamond-Italic.otf
The weight, width and slope information of a particular font will be parsed from its name, so any relevant descriptors must remain in the font name. "Helvetica.otf" will be assumed to have Normal weight, Normal width and not italic. "Helvetica-UltraBold-Italic.otf" will be treated as having UltraBold weight, Normal width and italic.
You must initialize Fontain with a
Context and the name of whatever font family you want to be the default.
Fontain must be initialized before it is used (including the inflation of any of Fontain's custom Font Views), so that it may create fonts from the assets folder, but it need only be initialized once.
Fontain can be initialized with any one of the overloaded init methods:
Fontain.init(Context context, String fontsFolder, String defaultFontName) Fontain.init(Context context, String defaultFontName) Fontain.init(Context context)
Your application's onCreate() method is the recommended place to initialize Fontain.
Fontain can be used primarily in one of two ways:
Fontain provides a number of Font Views that are extended from Android's basic text views (
FontButton, etc). You can use these views exactly as you would use the regular android version, and on creation they will seek out the default Typeface from Fontain and apply it to themselves. Additionally these views come with custom XML attributes that allow you to specify the Font Family, Weight, Width and/or Caps Mode directly in layout XML (Slope is taken from Android's native TextStyle attribute). Example usage:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content"> <com.scopely.fontain.views.FontTextView android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="Text" android:textStyle="italic" app:font_family="Helvetica" app:font_weight="ULTRA_BOLD" app:font_width="NARROW" app:caps_mode="words"/> </LinearLayout>
All of the Font Views include the ability to set a Caps Mode. Doing so will initialize the view with a
TransformationMethod that will display the text of the view with certain letters capitalized. Caps Mode
characters will capitalize all letters, Caps Mode
words will capitalize the first letter of each word, and Caps Mode
sentences will capitalize the first letter of each sentence. Caps Mode
title is equivalent to
words except that certain words, such as 'a', 'of', etc, are not capitalized*. Caps Mode is analagous to, and is implemented with, Android's
TextUtils.CAP_MODE_XXXXX, but with more granular control in xml than merely
title is only applicable to English. In non-'en' locales, Caps Mode
title will behave the same as Caps Mode
Apply to View Hierarchy
Fontain also contains methods for walking a view hierarchy and applying a given typeface to any TextView contained therein. Fontain provides several overloaded methods that achieve the same thing:
Fontain.applyFontToViewHierarchy(View root, int weight, int width, boolean italic) Fontain.applyFontToViewHierarchy(View root, FontFamily fontFamily, int weight, int width, boolean italic) Fontain.applyFontToViewHierarchy(View root, Font font)
Fontain also has a method that will apply a font family across a view hierarchy. Whereas the above methods will apply a single font to all views in the hierarchy, the below method will select the font that best matches the view's pre-existing weight, width and slope attributes.
Fontain.applyFontFamilyToViewHierarchy(View root, FontFamily family)
Similar to the above two methods, there is also a method to apply a
TransformationMethod (such as one of the caps modes) to a View hierarchy:
Fontain.applyTransformationToViewHierarchy(View root, TransformationMethod)
The use case for these methods is generally when the layout in question is provided by the system (eg: AlertDialog) or a third party library (eg: https://github.com/JakeWharton/Android-ViewPagerIndicator)
Each of these methods also has an overloaded version that takes a
Predicate<TextView> that allows you to introspect each TextView in the hierarchy and return
true to apply the Font/FontFamily/TransformationMethod, or
false to skip the TextView in question.
Fontain also provides the following spans that allow you to change font within a single TextView:
FontSpan: applies a specified typeface to the spanned text WidthSpan: does a reverse lookup of the text's current typeface and then finds a font in the same font family with the specified width WeightSpan: does a reverse lookup of the text's current typeface and then finds a font in the same font family with the specified weight SlopeSpan: does a reverse lookup of the text's current typeface and then finds a font in the same font family with the specified slope.
These spans all extend
MetricAffectingSpan are applied in the same manner as sibling classes such as
The weight of a font is its thickness. Bold is the classic descriptor related to weight, but there are many more, and all correspond to a numerical value on a scale that ranges from 100 to 900. The names and numerical values used by Fontain are listed below:
HAIRLINE: 100 THIN: 100 ULTRA_LIGHT: 100 EXTRA_LIGHT: 100 LIGHT: 200 BOOK: 300 NORMAL: 400 MEDIUM: 500 DEMI_BOLD: 600 SEMI_BOLD: 600 BOLD: 700 EXTRA_BOLD: 800 HEAVY: 800 BLACK: 800 ULTRA_HEAVY: 900 EXTRA_BLACK: 900 ULTRA_BLACK: 900 ULTRA_BOLD: 900 FAT: 900 POSTER: 900
The width of a font is the the horizontal space taken up by each letter relative to the letter's height. There are commonly accepted descriptors, but no standard numerical value the way there is with weight. Fontain simply maps the descriptors to a 1-5 scale. The names used by Fontain are listed below:
ULTRA_COMPRESSED: 1 EXTRA_COMPRESSED: 1 ULTRA_CONDENSED: 1 EXTRA_CONDENSED: 1 ULTRA_NARROW: 1 EXTRA_NARROW: 1 COMPRESSED: 2 CONDENSED: 2 NARROW: 2 NORMAL: 3 WIDE: 4 EXTENDED: 4 EXPANDED: 4 EXTRA_WIDE: 5 ULTRA_WIDE: 5 EXTRA_EXTENDED: 5 ULTRA_EXTENDED: 5 EXTRA_EXPANDED: 5 ULTRA_EXPANDED: 5
The slope of a font is the angle at which the presumably vertical elements of the font rest. In Fontain this is a simple boolean: the font is either Normal or it is Italic.