Triad

Additional

Language
Java
Version
0.17.0 (Jan 21, 2016)
Created
Feb 19, 2015
Updated
Apr 9, 2018
Owner
Niek Haarman (nhaarman)
Contributor
Niek Haarman (nhaarman)
1
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Triad

![In Progress](https://badge.waffle.io/nhaarman/triad.svg?label=in-progress&title=In Progress) ![Ready for Release](https://badge.waffle.io/nhaarman/triad.svg?label=next-release&title=Ready for Release)

Triad is a tiny Android library which enables use of the Model-View-Presenter pattern in an easy way. It uses custom Views to replace the dreaded Fragments, and introduces Presenter classes to separate business logic from view logic. Since the Presenters are plain Java objects, tests for these classes can run blazingly fast on a local JVM.

Triad is not a framework, but a tool that can help structure your ui logic in a clean and concise way.

Please note that Triad is still under development, and API's may will change. Although pretty stable, the need for simpler solutions and better API's may require changes in your code. Feel free to try it out and leave your feedback!

Setup

Add the following to your dependencies in your build.gradle file:

repositories {
  jcenter()
}

dependencies {
  // Pick one of the following:
  compile 'com.nhaarman:triad-kotlin:x.x.x'                 // For Kotlin
  compile 'com.nhaarman:triad-kotlin-appcompat-v7:x.x.x'    // For Kotlin and using the AppCompat-v7 library
}

How it works

We're gonna create a little counter app to get ourselves started. Whenever we touch a button a counter is incremented on screen:

Every screen in an application that uses Triad is represented by a Screen. A screen can consist of multiple components, each backed by a Presenter. In this case, we only have one presenter. The presenter communicates with a custom view ( CounterView) through an interface ( CounterContainer).

Screen

The CounterScreen class defines which layout to use, and instantiates the CounterPresenter class. The CounterView is automatically inflated and bound to the presenter.

public class CounterScreen extends Screen<ApplicationComponent> {

  @Override
  protected int getLayoutResId() {
    return R.layout.view_counter;
  }

  @Override
  public Presenter<?, ?> createPresenter(final int viewId) {
    return new CounterPresenter();
  }
}

View

The CounterView extends a ViewGroup, and reacts on user input of its children. The view notifies the presenter that something happened.

public class CounterView extends RelativeLayoutContainer<CounterPresenter> implements CounterContainer {

  @Bind(R.id.countertv)
  protected TextView mCounterTV;

  public MyView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
  }

  public MyView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
  }

  @Override
  public void setCounterText(final String counterText) {
    mCounterTV.setText(counterText);
  }
  
  @OnClick(R.id.incrementbutton)
  public void onIncrementButtonClicked() {
    getPresenter().onIncrementButtonClicked();
  }
}

The xml layout of the view is defined below. The root of the layout is a CounterView, and the TextView and Button are nested inside the CounterView.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<com.example.CounterView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent">

  <TextView
    android:id="@+id/countertv"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_centerInParent="true" />

  <Button
    android:id="@+id/incrementbutton"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_below="@id/countertv"
    android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
    android:text="@string/increment" />

</com.example.CounterView>

Container

The CounterContainer acts as a separating layer between the presenter and view. This makes it possible to create different implementations of CounterView for different devices, such as phones or tablets.

interface CounterContainer extends Container {

  void setCounterText(String counterText) {
}

Presenter

Finally, the CounterPresenter handles any logic, and formats the data to display in the view. Presenters survive orientation changes, so our counter variable will not get lost on a configuration change.

class MyPresenter extends BasePresenter<MyContainer> {

  private int mCounter;

  CounterPresenter() {
    mCounter = 0;
  }

  @Override
  protected void onControlGained(@NonNull final CounterContainer container) {
    container.setCounterText(formatCounterText());
  }

  void onIncrementButtonClicked() {
    if (!container().isPresent()) {
      return;
    }

    mCounter++;
    container().get().setCounterText(formatCounterText());
  }

  @NonNull
  private String formatCounterText() {
    return String.valueOf(mCounter);
  }
}

For more information, see the Wiki.

Flow

Navigating through screens is based on earlier versions of Square's Flow.

License

Copyright 2016 Niek Haarman

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.