Prefser

Additional

Language
Java
Version
v2.0.7 (May 26, 2017)
Created
Feb 20, 2015
Updated
May 26, 2017
Owner
Piotr Wittchen (pwittchen)
Contributors
Yuya Tanaka (ypresto)
Piotr Wittchen (pwittchen)
plackemacher
semanticer
4
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Announcement

Prefser

Wrapper for Android SharedPreferences with object serialization and RxJava Observables

min sdk version = 9

JavaDoc is available at: http://pwittchen.github.io/prefser/

Contents

Overview

Prefser wraps SharedPreferences and thanks to Java Generics provides you simpler API than classic SharedPreferences with the following methods:

<T> void put(String key, T value)
<T> T get(String key, Class<T> classOfT, T defaultValue)

We can also use TypeToken (e.g. for reading serialized Lists):

<T> T get(String key, TypeToken<T> typeTokenOfT, T defaultValue)

Prefser will serialize Lists correctly in put(...) method and will use TypeToken under the hood.

Classic SharedPreferences allows you to store only primitive data types, Strings and Set of Strings.

Thanks to Gson serialization, Prefser allows you to store:

  • Primitive data types
  • boolean
  • float
  • int
  • long
  • double
  • Strings
  • Custom Objects
  • Lists
  • Arrays
  • Sets

In addition, Prefser transforms OnSharedPreferenceChangeListener into Observable from RxJava:

Observable<String> observePreferences();

You can subscribe one of this Observable and monitor updates of SharedPreferences with powerful RxJava. You can also read data from RxJava Observables in order to monitor single shared preference with a specified key.

Creating Prefser object

You can create Prefser object in the following ways:

Prefser prefser = new Prefser(context);
Prefser prefser = new Prefser(sharedPreferences);

When you create Prefser object with Android Context, it will use default SharedPreferences from PreferenceManager.

You can set JsonConverter implementation for Prefser. When it's not set, Prefser will use GsonConverter by default.

Prefser prefser = new Prefser(context, jsonConverter);
Prefser prefser = new Prefser(sharedPreferences, jsonConverter);

Saving data

You can save data with the following method:

<T> void put(String key, T value)

Examples

prefser.put("key", true);               // put boolean
prefser.put("key", 43f);                // put float
prefser.put("key", 42);                 // put int
prefser.put("key", 42l);                // put long
prefser.put("key", 42.3);               // put double
prefser.put("key", "hello");            // put String
prefser.put("key", new CustomObject()); // put CustomObject

prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList(true, false, true));     // put list of booleans
prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList(1f, 2f, 3f));            // put list of floats
prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3));               // put list of integers
prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList(1l, 2l, 3l));            // put list of longs
prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList(1.2, 2.3, 3.4));         // put list of doubles
prefser.put("key", Arrays.asList("one", "two", "three")); // put list of Strings

List<CustomClass> objects = Arrays.asList(
  new CustomObject(),
  new CustomObject(),
  new CustomObject());

prefser.put(givenKey, objects); // put list of CustomObjects

prefser.put("key", new Boolean[]{true, false, true});     // put array of booleans
prefser.put("key", new Float[]{1f, 2f, 3f});              // put array of floats
prefser.put("key", new Integer[]{1, 2, 3});               // put array of integers
prefser.put("key", new Long[]{1l, 2l, 3l});               // put array of longs
prefser.put("key", new Double[]{1.2, 2.3, 3.4});          // put array of doubles
prefser.put("key", new String[]{"one", "two", "three"});  // put array of Strings

CustomObject[] objects = new CustomObject[]{
  new CustomObject(), 
  new CustomObject(), 
  new CustomObject()
};

prefser.put("key", objects); // put array of CustomObjects

Set<String> setOfStrings = new HashSet<>(Arrays.asList("one", "two", "three"));
Set<Double> setOfDoubles = new HashSet<>(Arrays.asList(1.2, 3.4, 5.6));
prefser.getPreferences().edit().putStringSet("key", setOfStrings).apply(); // put Set of Strings in a "classical way"
prefser.put("key", setOfDoubles); // put set of doubles

Reading data

get method

You can read data with the following method:

<T> T get(String key, Class<T> classOfT, T defaultValue)

or with TypeToken (e.g. when reading Lists):

<T> T get(String key, TypeToken<T> typeTokenOfT, T defaultValue)

Examples

// reading primitive types

Boolean value = prefser.get("key", Boolean.class, false);
Float value = prefser.get("key", Float.class, 1.0f);
Integer value = prefser.get("key", Integer.class, 1);
Long value = prefser.get("key", Long.class, 1.0l);
Double value = prefser.get("key", Double.class, 1.0);
String value = prefser.get("key", String.class, "default string");

// reading custom object

CustomObject value = prefser.get("key", CustomObject.class, new CustomObject());

// reading lists

// example with List of Booleans

List<Boolean> defaultBooleans = Arrays.asList(false, false, false);

TypeToken<List<Boolean>> typeToken = new TypeToken<List<Boolean>>() {
};

List<Boolean> readObject = prefser.get(givenKey, typeToken, defaultBooleans);

// in the same way we can read list of objects of any type including custom objects
// the only thing we need to do is replacing Boolean type with our desired type

// reading arrays

Boolean[] value = prefser.get("key", Boolean[].class, new Boolean[]{});
Float[] value = prefser.get("key", Float[].class, new Float[]{});
Integer[] value = prefser.get("key", Integer[].class, new Integer[]{});
Long[] value = prefser.get("key", Long[].class, new Long[]{});
Double[] value = prefser.get("key", Double[].class, new Double[]{});
String[] value = prefser.get("key", String[].class, new String[]{});
CustomObject[] value = prefser.get("key", CustomObject[].class, new CustomObject[]{});

// reading sets

Set<String> value = prefser.getPreferences().getStringSet("key", new HashSet<>()); // accessing set of strings in a "classical way"
Set<Double> value = prefser.get("key", Set.class, new HashSet<>());

observe method

You can observe changes of data with the following RxJava Observable:

<T> Observable<T> observe(String key, Class<T> classOfT, T defaultValue)

or with TypeToken (e.g when observing Lists):

<T> Observable<T> observe(String key, TypeToken<T> typeTokenOfT, T defaultValue)

Note

Use it, when you want to observe single preference under a specified key. When you want to observe many preferences, use observePreferences() method.

Example

Subscription subscription = prefser.observe(key, String.class, "default value")
  .subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
  ... // you can do anything else, what is possible with RxJava
  .observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread())
  .subscribe(new Action1<String>() {
  @Override public void call(String value) {
    // Perform any action you want.
    // E.g. display value in a TextView.
   }
});

getAndObserve method

You can combine functionality of get(...) and observe(...) methods with getAndObserve(...), which is defined as follows:

<T> Observable<T> getAndObserve(String key, Class<T> classOfT, T defaultValue)

or with TypeToken (e.g. when observing Lists):

<T> Observable<T> getAndObserve(String key, TypeToken<T> typeTokenOfT, T defaultValue)

You can subscribe this method in exactly the same way as observe(...) method. The only difference is the fact that this method will emit value from SharedPreferences as first element of the stream with get(...) method even if SharedPreferences were not changed. When SharedPreferences changes, subscriber will be notified about the change in the same way as in regular observe(...) method.

Contains method

You can check if data exists under a specified key in the following way:

prefser.contains("key");

Removing data

You can remove data under specified key in the following way:

prefser.remove("key");

When you want to clear all SharedPreferences you can use clear() method as follows:

prefser.clear();

Size of data

You can read number of all items stored in the SharedPreferences in the following way:

prefser.size();

Getting SharedPreferences object

You can get SharedPreferences object in the following way:

prefser.getPreferences();

You can use it for performing operations on SharedPreferences without Prefser library. E.g. for reading and writing Set of Strings, what is currently not supported by Prefser. See sections about saving data and reading data where you can find examples.

Subscribing for data updates

You can subscribe the following RxJava Observable from Prefser object:

Observable<String> observePreferences();

Note

Use it, when you want to observe many shared preferences. If you want to observe single preference under as specified key, use observe() method.

Example

Subscription subscription = prefser.observePreferences()
  .subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
  .filter(...) // you can filter your updates by key
  ...          // you can do anything else, what is possible with RxJava
  .observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread())
  .subscribe(new Action1<String>() {
  @Override public void call(String key) {
    // Perform any action you want.
    // E.g. get value stored under key 
    // and display in a TextView.
  }
});

This subscription can be created e.g. in onResume() method, but it depends on your specific implementation and project requirements. Now, everytime when data in SharedPreferences changes, subscriber will be notified under which key value was updated and it can react on that change.

Unsubscribing from Observable

When you are subscribing for the updates in Activity, please remember to unsubscribe your subscriber in onPause() method in the following way:

@Override
protected void onPause() {
  super.onPause();
  subscription.unsubscribe();
}

Examples

  • Examplary app using Prefser is available in the app directory.
  • If you want to use Prefser with PreferenceActivity, check out examplary in app-preference-activity directory.
  • More usage examples can be found in unit tests in PrefserTest class.

Download

If you want to use Observables, besides dependency to Prefser you should also add dependency to RxAndroid.

You can depend on the library through Maven:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.pwittchen</groupId>
    <artifactId>prefser</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.7</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.reactivex</groupId>
    <artifactId>rxandroid</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>

or through Gradle:

dependencies {
  compile 'com.github.pwittchen:prefser:2.0.7'
  compile 'io.reactivex:rxandroid:1.2.1'
}

Tests

Tests are available in library/src/test/java/ directory and can be executed via CLI with Robolectric with the following command:

./gradlew test

Code style

Code style used in the project is called SquareAndroid from Java Code Styles repository by Square available at: https://github.com/square/java-code-styles.

Static code analysis

Static code analysis runs Checkstyle, FindBugs, PMD and Lint. It can be executed with command:

./gradlew check

Reports from analysis are generated in library/build/reports/ directory.

Caveats

  • Set of Strings should be saved and read in a "classical way" with getPreferences() method.
  • TypeToken is required for proper Lists reading.
  • This library is just a wrapper around SharedPreferences, so it's not a database solution and it's not recommended to use it for large data sets, complicated data operations or adding new data frequently. For such use cases SQLite database or key-value database would be better choice.

References

General information

Similar projects

License

Copyright 2015 Piotr Wittchen

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.